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Datjib – The Canopy: 닺집

Tue, 2021-06-22 00:09
The Datjib Inside the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall at Eunhaesa Temple in Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do. Introduction

Inside almost all Korean Buddhist temple shrine halls, and standing above the main altar, is a canopy. While this canopy is brilliantly adorned and beautiful, the meaning behind it is less clear. So why are there canopies above the main altar? And why do they have somewhat differing designs?

The Canopy

The Korean Buddhist canopy that stands above the main altar inside a temple shrine hall is known as a “datjib – 닺집” in Korean. “Dat” means “separate” in English, while “jib” means “house” in English. So the canopy literally means “Separate House.” Another name for this canopy is “Celestial Canopy” in English, which is in reference to the airy feel that the roof-shaped structure exudes.

As for the actual material that makes up the canopy, it’s wood. And the woodwork consists of finely made interconnected brackets that have been ornately decorated with a variety of Buddhist motifs. The pillars that support the weight of the canopy are usually thin, which helps contribute to the airy feel of the canopy’s overall design. These pillars are also usually either red or gold in colour. Surrounding the typically red or gold coloured canopy are a variety of images like dragons, phoenixes, lotus flowers, and Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities). These four images aren’t the only figures that will appear around canopies, but they are the most common. And they add a certain luxuriousness to the normally solemn interior of a temple shrine hall. In fact, and at a glance, the canopy looks like a mini-palace.

Types of Canopies

In total, there are three different types of canopies that take up residence inside a Korean temple shrine hall above the main altar. They are: 1. “The Cloud Palace Type”; 2. “The Treasure Palace Type”; 3. “The Bejeweled Canopy Type.”

A great example of a “Cloud Palace Type” at Botaam Hermitage in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

The first of these three, “The Cloud Palace Type,” does not have any brackets in its design. Overall, the design is simple. However, while the design is more simplistic, the canopy area of the design directly above either the Buddha’s or Bodhisattva’s head is more ornate in design with images of clouds, dragons, flowers, and phoenixes. A great example of this can be found at Botaam Hermitage on the Tongdosa Temple grounds in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

A “Treasure Palace Type” inside the Muryangsu-jeon Hall at Buseoksa Temple in Yeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. And another “Treasure Palace Type” inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at Beomeosa Temple in Geumjeong-gu, Busan.

The second type is “The Treasure Palace Type.” This type of canopy design appears as though it’s a completely separate structure. With the passage of time, this type of canopy grew more elaborate. A great example of this type of design can be found inside the Muryangsu-jeon Hall at Buseoksa Temple in Yeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do and the Daeung-jeon Hall at Beomeosa Temple in Geumjeong-gu, Busan.

And the third, and final, type of canopy design is “The Bejeweled Canopy Type.” This type of canopy is receding into the ceiling. Additionally, there are four sides to this canopy with finely designed brackets. A good example of this style of canopy can be found inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at Donghaksa Temple in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do.

“The Bejeweled Canopy Type” inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at Donghaksa Temple in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do. The Canopy’s Meaning

So now that we know what they look like, why are canopies situated above the heads of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas upon the main altar of temple shrine halls? The textual reference appears in the Shorter Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra, which is a Mahayana sutra in Pure Land Buddhism. In fact, it’s one of the three principle Pure Land texts. This sutra consists of discourses that Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) gave to Śāriputra, who was one of his disciples at Jetavana in Shravasti. These discussions focused on the beautiful and wondrous adornments that await the righteous in the Pure Land. The text also discusses what one must do to be reborn in the Pure Land. The canopy, in this context, is meant to symbolize the beauty that awaits in the Pure Land. More specifically, it’s a beacon in an unclear world which has an endless cycle of rebirth that we presently live. So the canopy acts as a reminder of the Pure Land for those that live in a world tainted by the cyclical existence of Samsara.

Conclusion

So at first glance, while a “datjib” may look like nothing more than a beautiful decorative item, it is packed with the symbolic meaning of the Pure Land. A canopy is a little piece of heaven that reminds people of the potentiality of what could be. So not only is this rather stunning structure beautiful in design, but it’s also loaded with meaning for Buddhists.

A beautiful canopy inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at Sujeongsa Temple in western Ulsan. And the highly ornate canopy inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at Haedong Yonggungsa Temple in Gijang-gun, Busan. —

KoreanTempleGuide.com

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Bookshelf, Desk, Chair in Gwangan

Mon, 2021-06-21 08:20
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Gwangan BeachContact person by email

Furniture - Gwangan Beach area.
Must pick up, I can’t deliver.

Desk (L shape): 160cm wide, 115cm wide end, 62cm narrow end W40,000

Bookshelf: 190cm tall, 60 cm wide, 26 cm deep                                                W40,000

Chair: 95cm x 95cm     FREE

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Live stream from Korea (GoBillyKorean)

Sun, 2021-06-20 10:18

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Live stream from Korea

Sat, 2021-06-19 01:46

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Korean Test Practice with Billy [Ep. 30] – Intermediate Korean (Listening Practice)

Fri, 2021-06-18 13:08

Preparing for a Korean test? Want to see what a test question is like? I made this series for practicing test style questions that you could see in any Korean test. There are various levels, from Beginner to Advanced.

Today's test question is for intermediate level or above, but you can give it a try no matter your level. Let me know how you did in the comments!

Here is the listening example with its English translation.

여러분 안녕하세요. 오늘 제가 소개해 드릴 제품은 선풍기예요. 여기 이걸 보세요. 선풍기처럼 보이시나요? 정말 작죠? 이렇게 작아도 아주 시원해서 에어컨과 함께 사용하시면 방이 금방 시원해진답니다. 에이컨이 없으시다고요? 그래도 문제없습니다. 추가로 구매 가능한 미스트 수건과 함께 사용하신다면 에어컨처럼 시원한 바람을 만들어 낼 수 있습니다. 어떻게 이게 가능하냐고요? 이 선풍기의 특별함은 이 날개에 있습니다. 여기 이 선풍기 날개 보이세요? 이 선풍기 날개가 1초에 200번을 회전하며 강력한 바람을 만들어 낸다고 하네요. 정말 빠르지 않나요? 구매를 원하신다면 지금 방송에 나오는 이 번호로 전화 걸어주세요. 정상 가격 159,000원에서 오늘 하루만 특별한 가격, 99,000원으로 모시겠습니다. 시원한 여름을 보내고 싶으시다면 서둘러주세요!

Hello everyone. The product I will introduce to you today is a fan. Look here. Does this look like a fan? It’s really small, isn’t it? Even though it’s so small, it’s very cool, so if you use it together with an air conditioner the room will become cool right away. You don’t have an air conditioner? No problem. If you use it together with a misting towel, which you can purchase in addition to this, it can create cool air like an air conditioner. How is this possible, you ask? The specialty of this fan is in these blades. You see these fan blades here? These fan’s blades rotate 200 times per second, creating a strong wind. Isn’t it fast? If you’d like to make a purchase, please call this phone number in the broadcast. From the normal price of 159,000 Won, today only there’s a special price – it can be yours at 99,000 Won.

The post Korean Test Practice with Billy [Ep. 30] – Intermediate Korean (Listening Practice) appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

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Leaving Korea Sale

Fri, 2021-06-18 08:06
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Gimhae Museum Station Contact person by email

Iron - 2,000 WON

 

Unix Ceramic Hair straightener - 5,000 WON

 

Hair dryer - foldable, perfect for traveling. 5,000 WON

 

AVOL HN90R8 Korean/English Navigation - 50,000 WON

 

TEFAL Blender - 30,000 WON

 

Filing Cabinet - 5,000 WON

 

All items are OBO

Location: Purple line - Gimhae Museum Subway Station

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Remote Frontend Developer

Fri, 2021-06-18 06:18
Classified Ad Type: Neighborhood: Contact person by email

Hello, my name is Indira. I am a frontend developer, looking for opportunities to work on various projects remotely. I can do a test task. 
The stack I used: 

- React/VueJs

- Typescript 

Libraries: 

- Vuetify, Material Design, Bootstrap

Also, I did some backend programming in: 

- PHP, Go

Used DB: PostgreSQL, MySQL

For other details - my email: kabdoldinai@gmail.com

Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/indira-kabdoldina-995336109/

Ps: Please see my attached resume below

 

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English Writing Books and other books Collection

Thu, 2021-06-17 10:17
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Haeundae-Marine cityContact person by email

2000 for each book or 8000 for the collection.

010 4078 5212

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English Books for Listening

Thu, 2021-06-17 10:11
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Haeundae-Marine cityContact person by email

2000 for each book or 8000 for the collection.

010 4078 5212

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English Workbooks for Younger Children Collection

Thu, 2021-06-17 10:02
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Haeundae-Marine cityContact person by email

2000 for each book, 1000 for the workbook or 8000 for the collection.

 

010 4078 5212

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