Worldbridges Megafeed

Comming soon--‍--Yoojins' Special lecture--

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-07-22 04:22

Sign-up NOW and get 2-Weeks Free Trial
Learning strategy which is the fastest and easiest way to reach the target TOPIK score,
at a reasonable price of $14 a month.    Stay Connected! MasterTOPIK
Facebook      Kakaotalk        Instagram
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Desktop for 140,000

Koreabridge - Thu, 2022-07-21 12:13
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Sasang-guContact person by email

Desktop good for office and study.

Description :

HDD: 500gb

DDR: 4gb

Intel Core i5

Windows 10 home

Comes with monitor, mouse, keyboard, speaker, and a mouse pad.

For reference see the photos. 


20220721_201622.jpg IMG_20220721_210027_136.png
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Korean Blood Type Personality – All about this theory

Koreabridge - Thu, 2022-07-21 08:11

Do you know about the Korean blood type personality? Though it may ring weird to our ears, asking someone what their blood type is can be quite commonplace in Korean society. You can liken it to something similar to the horoscopes in Western cultures.

In other words, it’s a way to grasp a general understanding of what someone’s personality might be like. Though, of course, it’s more for fun rather than something super serious and scientifically proven.

Would you, too, like to know your personality based on your blood type? Or perhaps you’d like to know what Koreans would think of you or themselves based on the specific blood types you possess? Keep reading to find out all these fun details about blood types and personality traits in Korea!

What are the different blood types?

There are four primary blood type groups: A, B, AB, and O. Each of which can be categorized as RhD positive or RhD negative, making a total of 8 blood types. However, in gauging blood type personalities, you will only have to determine your blood type among the primary blood groups.

Why do Koreans believe that blood type can determine a person’s personality?

Associating one’s blood type with a person’s personality has been a part of the Korean culture for around a century now. The Western world looks at different horoscopes to examine blood type compatibility with each other.

But in Korea, they may deem someone’s likability or potential as a romantic partner based on their blood type. Koreans even believe that a specific blood type can give important information on someone’s health status.

How the Blood Type Personality Theory began

The history of how one’s blood type can determine personality, health status, and more is quite bleak. It was initially incepted by Nazi Germany, where studies were conducted by analyzing blood type distribution. From here, a Japanese scholar picked up the framing and developed the theory of a link between personality and blood type.

It caught wind in Japan, although not so much within actual medical circles. From there, it spread to other countries in Asia, notably South Korea and Taiwan.

In South Korea, the idea of blood type determining your personality theory shot into popularity in the early 2000s. During this time, it became mainstream to feature these theories in TV programs and films and even in many pop songs.

The Different Korean blood type personalities

Now it’s time to go over each blood type and explain what personality is assumed from each one. This includes their best and worst traits and even the worst blood type compatibility.

Blood Type A

This blood type is typically seen as more conservative and introverted in comparison to other blood types. They’re expected to be quite considerate of others and are admirably punctual and patient.

Best traits

Some of their best traits are how loyal and creative they are. They do not trust easily, but once they do, you can rest assured they are loyal to you at a die-hard level.

Because those with blood type A are often perfectionists, they will absolutely go the extra mile to make sure everything has been done correctly and with care. They are valued for their trustworthiness as well as for how responsible and hardworking they often are.

Negative traits

On the flip side, they’re also assumed to be quite sensitive and lacking in courage. Trusting others or expressing various emotions also doesn’t come easy to them. With the amount of sensitivity they possess, it becomes easy for them to take things personally and thus tend to get hurt more easily.

You may also find a blood type A personality to be obsessive, secretive, and overall quite closed off. They may also be, unfortunately, quite self-conscious. They even lean towards having OCD, making them worry about unnecessary things sometimes.

Unique trait

Funnily, they are also said to be the worst with alcohol tolerance but also the healthiest eater among all the blood types.

Blood type Compatibility

Blood type A is best compatible with O and worst compatible with B.

Blood Type B

People possessing type B blood are often seen as the kind of people who enjoy life and don’t care much about what others think of themselves. They have independent natures and have their own set of rules they follow, rather than going simply by what society dictates.

Positive traits

They want to get the best out of their lives and run toward their passions. They are highly curious, to the point where they may end up making numerous impulsive decisions. Some of their best traits are their sense of individualism and optimism, along with their animal-loving personality.

Blood type B people are incredibly honest and caring. Thanks to their outgoing, social butterfly personality, they also have an easy time making friends. Their honesty sometimes leads them into trouble, as they are not scared of bluntly speaking out in any situation, while others may wish for harmony and discreet behavior instead.

Negative traits

Unfortunately, others may see a blood type B person as someone who is self-centered and is considered shallow. And if some person or matter isn’t a passion, they may not move a muscle for it.

Additional bad traits of a blood type B person are their impatience and recklessness, on top of which they may also be quite moody and hold a high sense of pride. They may also be quite forgetful, especially over things that don’t align with their passions. Not everyone can handle their free and wild-spirited nature.

Unique trait

And as a fun tidbit, blood type B people typically have strong immune systems.

Blood type Compatibility

Blood type B is best compatible with AB and worst compatible with A.

Blood Type AB

Although in possession of a high level of intelligence and interest in a diverse array of things, type AB people are considered quite unpredictable, in good and bad. They’re deemed to be quite quirky and often lost in their own world.

Positive traits

Although they seem largely unpredictable, they are quite rational and practical and have great self-control.

Much like blood type A, they also like to be meticulous with their work. Overall, they have a positive outlook on life.

Negative traits

On the more negative side, the type AB blood people only like to do things that serve them personally. They likewise tend to stay away from situations that offer any type of complexity or drama.

They like their own company a lot and have characteristics similar to being shy and aloof – which to others may show as coldness.

Others may also see them as critical and indecisive, and even unforgiving. You’ll have a hard time convincing them to think with their hearts rather than their heads.

Unique trait

In northeast Asia, it is in particular blood type AB that people sometimes tend to think less of in comparison to other blood types. This is precisely due to their unpredictableness.

Blood type Compatibility

Blood type AB is best compatible with AB and is the worst match with O.

Blood Type O

Those with blood type O seem to be natural leaders and, in general, are quite well-rounded. They are outgoing, easygoing, and like to have an optimistic attitude, in addition to which they are not afraid to speak their mind.

Best traits

Some of their best traits are that they’re friendly and energetic. Besides being born to lead, blood type O people can also be really successful with sports.

Negative traits

Sometimes their honesty and outspoken demeanor get understood as them being condescending or overly opinionated by others. They may even come across as arrogant or dramatic, even when they are just being expressive or confident.

It’s tough for them to apologize, and their overly-competitive nature may make them sore losers. On occasion, their stubbornness and insensitivity may get the best of them.

Unique trait

Although type O blood people can be great conversationalists, they prefer to act instead of speak and are quite ambitious.

Blood type Compatibility

Blood type O is best compatible with A and worst compatible with AB.

What blood type are you? Does the personality description of your blood type match your true personality? Which blood type would be most appropriate for you based on these personality traits? Do you find theories like these interesting in general? Let us know below in the comments!

Now that you have learned about a fun cultural thing such as Korean blood type personality, perhaps you’d like to discover more insight on Korean work culture or drinking culture next?

The post Korean Blood Type Personality – All about this theory appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


Please share, help Korean spread! 



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Live stream from Korea

Koreabridge - Thu, 2022-07-21 00:29




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Mangwolsa Temple – 망월사 (Gyeongju)

Koreabridge - Wed, 2022-07-20 23:21
A Look Through the Entry Gate at Mangwolsa Temple. Temple History

Mangwolsa Temple is located on the northwestern side of Mt. Namsan (494 m) in Gyeongju. And just under a hundred metres to the north is Sambulsa Temple. Mangwolsa Temple is a modern temple of the Wonhyo-jong Sect of Korean Buddhism. The Wonhyo-jong Sect is one of twenty-seven Buddhist sects recognized by the Korean government. It was founded in July, 1963 by the monk Haein. Then in August, 1967, Mangwolsa Temple became the headquarters of the sect. Currently, the headquarters of the sect is located out of Seoul.

The sect, rather obviously, reveres the teachings of Wonhyo-daesa (617-686 A.D.). The Wonhyo-jong Sect is organized around the exclusion of superstitious and secular elements that have become mixed in with Korean Buddhism. For this, they focus on learning the fundamental doctrines of the Buddha and the ideas of Wonhyo-daesa.

Temple Layout

Just to the right (south) of Sambulsa Temple, and standing in the Mt. Namsan parking lot that the two temples share, you’ll notice Mangwolsa Temple to your right through the trees. Past a four foot high wall that separates the temple from the world is the former headquarters for the Wonhyo-jong Sect.

As you approach the temple, you’ll pass through a beautiful entry gate with fierce-looking guardians painted on the doors that protect the temple from evil spirits. They are Heng and Ha. Having passed through the temple entry gate, you’ll notice the monks’ dorms and administrative offices to your left and right. These long temple structures frame the main hall that lies in the middle and back.

The exterior walls to the Daeung-jeon Hall are adorned with Shimu-do (Ox-Herding Murals). As for the interior, and stepping inside the main hall, you’ll find a triad of statues on the main altar. This triad is centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) and joined by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the left, and still on the main altar, is a mural dedicated to Wonhyo-daesa. And a bit further to the left is a shrine for the dead. To the right of the main altar, on the other hand, is an older looking Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural).

Adjacent, and to the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall, is a beautiful pagoda that sits elevated in the centre of a lotus pond. The pagoda is simple in design, but it accents the overall aesthetic of the pink lotus flowers that bloom in the pond.

Behind this pagoda pond, and situated on an upper courtyard, are two additional temple shrine halls. The larger one to the left is the Samseong-gak Hall. The exterior walls are adorned with paintings dedicated to the Sinseon (Taoist Immortals). As for the interior of the shaman shrine hall, and resting in the centre of the three murals, is a painting dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). To the right of this central image is an amazingly descriptive mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). And to the left of the central image of Chilseong, and rather uniquely, is an image dedicated to what looks to be Jeseok-cheon (Indra). This is a triad I have yet to encounter anywhere else in Korea.

And to the right of the Samseong-gak Hall is the other temple shrine hall in the upper courtyard. This is a memorial hall. Inside this small octagonal hall is a black wooden memorial tablet for the dead. Perhaps it’s dedicated to either Wonhyo-daesa or Haein (the founding monk to the Wonhyo-jong Sect), but this is just an educated guess.

How To Get There

To get to Mangwolsa Temple from the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to take either Bus #502 or #504 located across from the bus terminal. To make sure you’re headed to Mangwolsa Temple, you should ask the bus driver “Namsan Mangwolsa”?

You can take a bus or you can simply take a taxi from the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal. Again, you’ll need to say “Namsan Mangwolsa.” In total, the ride should cost about 10,000 won (one way), and it should drop you off in the Mt. Namsan parking lot. Veering to your right and away from the bathroom complex, you’ll see a small trail. Take this trail for about 50 metres.

Overall Rating: 6/10

Mangwolsa Temple has one of the prettier locations for a pagoda. The pagoda rests atop a small, circular lotus pond. Adding to this originality is the mural dedicated to what looks to be Jeseok-cheon (Indra) inside the Samseong-gak Hall. The temple is also beautifully located on the northern slopes of Mt. Namsan near Sambulsa Temple and the Samneung-gol Valley. The area can make for quite a beautiful day of exploring.

The entry gate to the Mangwolsa Temple grounds. Ha, who is one of the two guardians, that adorns the entry gate. That’s joined by Heng, another temple guardian. A look towards the Daeung-jeon Hall. One of the Shimu-do (Ox-Herding Murals) that adorns the Daeung-jeon Hall. The main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. A painting dedicated to Wonhyo-daesa (617-686 A.D.) inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. A look towards the upper courtyard. The three-story pagoda that stands in the centre of a lotus pond at Mangwolsa Temple. The Samseong-gak Hall (left) and hexagonal memorial shrine hall (right). Chilseong (The Seven Stars) inside the Samseong-gak Hall. And Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), who also resides inside the Samseong-gak Hall. And what looks to be Jeseok-cheon (Indra) inside the Samseong-gak Hall, as well. A look inside the hexagonal memorial shrine hall. —

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

moving out sale - multiple items available, pickup only

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-19 06:35
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Gwangan-dongContact person by email

All items pickup only before Wednesday, July 27th, 2022 from Gwangan-dong, near Shin-Busan Church between Suyeong and Gwangan Stations. Inspections possible via appointment. Test drive also possible upon presentation of valid license.


  1. Weber 57cm kettle grill & accessories ₩200,000: chimney, grate brush, metal tongs x2, metal spatula, ¾ bag of coal briquettes, gas torch, gas canisters 
  2. IKEA outdoor furniture, all collapsible: (3x Askholmen tables, 2x Askholmen chairs) ₩120,000 full set only
  3. 49" 4K LED smart TV: Samsung QN49Q6FNAF + transformer + smart remote + wall mount + legs ₩250,000
  4. IKEA TV stand: Besta ₩40,000
  5. rowing ergometer: best for <180cm tall user, stows upright ₩120,000
  6. toaster oven ₩20,000
  7. 6-quart instantpot + transformer ₩40,000
  8. Crockpot slow cooker ₩10,000
  9. coffee maker ₩10,000
  10. plates, bowls, glasses ₩1000/piece
  11. bed linen: 2x fitted sheets (queen), 2x microfibre throws/duvets (queen), 1x mattress protector (queen), 1x winter fleece blanket (queen) ₩10,000/piece or all (six items) for ₩40,000
  12. AVAILABLE IN AUGUST.....2007 Hyundai Tucson MX ₩3,000,000 negotiable: diesel automatic, touchscreen stereo/navi, 199,000km, portable battery charger, regular oil / filter change every 5000km since purchased in 2017 at 167,000km
20220702_092547.jpg 20220702_083219.jpg 20220719_142206.jpg 20220702_083158.jpg 20220719_131414.jpg 20220719_141104.jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Tutor in Busan, Online or Face to Face

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-19 04:16
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Sajik DongContact person by email

Education professional with extensive experience available to tutor middle school, high school, university, and adult students. I am available for both online and face to face tutoring. I hold a masters degree from The University of Chicago, a high school teaching certificate from the Illinois State Board of Education, and an F6 visa. I currently reside in Busan. Please see my online resume/CV/portfolio at for an html version, and for a pdf version. Thank you for your interest, and do not hesitate to contact me concerning a teaching opportunity in Busan.

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #16: Informal Grammar

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-18 11:53

Let's start talking about Informal grammar, and how it relates to Politeness Levels. Specifically this video covers the adverbs 되게, 진짜, 너무, 막, and 완전, the particles 한테(서), (이)랑, and 하고, as well as the form 가지고 or 갖고.

Also remember that channel Members can access the entire series (all 24 episodes) right now!

The post Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #16: Informal Grammar appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

You've never had TAKOYAKI quite like this! | Namunip Maeul

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-18 09:00

Burger n' Kimchi are the most unlikely, wildest husband-and-wife team consisting of Burger (an American Expat living in Busan) and Kimchi (a born and bred Busanite). We absolutely love Busan, South Korea and would like to share a glimpse with you through our own unique lens.


Merch      Tip Jar
Instagram    Naver Blog Burger's

Medium Articles
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Korean spacing – Learn when and how to use it

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-18 08:38

A quick tip if you’re practicing writing Korean, don’t overlook Korean spacing! You might be busy practicing and examining different Korean handwriting styles. Or maybe you are trying to prepare yourself best for a big language test in Korea, such as TOPIK. Well, it’s come time for you to educate yourself on correct spacing in Korean.

In this post, you’ll learn the magic rules of Korean spacing. It may not matter much for something like texting your friends, but it can be useful for writing proper academic papers or a speech or partaking in an official Korean exam, so you’ll want to know this.

Korean Spacing

As you learn Korean, it’s helpful to learn about Korean spacing (띄어쓰기 | ttuieosseugi). Similar to English or other closely-related languages, these spaces are used to help the reader distinguish the different components of a sentence.

There may be some points to pay special mind to when practicing Korean writing and spacing, so there are some more complex rules established as well. However, even Koreans or native speakers themselves don’t follow those, so you hardly need to pay any mind to them.

You’ll soon realize that it is actually super easy! There are just a few rules to follow, and they’re quite simple. We’ll discuss these rules further below.

Guidelines for spacing in the Korean Language

Together with the rules for correct punctuation, learning these few guidelines for proper spacing can make your written texts look incredibly natural and well-written.

Spaces between words

Just like what is common in many other languages, including English, you should have a space between each Korean term.

Spacing rules on nouns and verbs

If you have a noun followed by a verb, each term should be presented individually. The same goes for Korean adjectives and nouns. Even in the cases where a noun is followed by another noun, you should have a space if you go by official word spacing rules.

Additionally, if one verb is followed by another verb or an adverb is followed by a verb, there should be space between the two terms.

However, there are some exceptions to these rules, which we will discuss further later.

Spacing rules on time vocabulary

The same goes for time vocabulary. For instance, if you want to say 12:50, then it can be written as 12시 50분, with space between.

Spacing rules on names

Interestingly, however, you do not need to add any space in the middle of proper names, such as organization names or Korean names’ first and family names.

For example, Samsung Electronics is written as 삼성전자 (samseongjeonja) in Korean, with no space in between. However, a Korean name with a space between the family name and first name is not incorrect.

Korean spacing rules for numbers

For numbers, when you write 3,052 as 삼천오백이 (samcheonobaeki), spacing goes between every ten thousand. For example:

121,400 is written as 십이만 천사백 (sibiman cheonsabaek)

4,924,115 is written as 사백구십이만 사천백십오 (sabaekgusibiman sacheonbaeksibo)

Particles count as part of the word

So, whilst all words should be written separately from one another, Korean particles must be attached to the word it denominates. This means that there should be no space between the Korean particle and the preceding word. This is crucial in order for the sentence to make any sense.

With a particle marker, it becomes clear whether the noun is the subject, object, and so on in the sentence. Below are some examples of vocabulary that have particles attached to each of them and ought to be written without a space between:

영어를 (yeongeoreul) = English

학교에 (hakgyoe) = to school

가족이 (gajoki) = family

어머니는 (eomeonineun) = mother

This rule is true with every single particle marker, so it is extremely essential but thankfully easy to remember!

Additional situations where spacing isn’t needed

There are also some other exceptions and it is possible not to need spacing in some cases where you are using the 하다 (hada) verb. For example, if you write “to cook” as 요리를 하다 (yorireul hada) you obviously need to include a space between the noun and the verb.

This, however, can be bypassed by writing it as 요리하다 (yorihada), in which case the particle is absent, and no space is needed.

However, this rule does not apply to foreign terms. Instead, with them, a space is needed, even if there is no particle and the 하다 verb follows it. For example, “to have a blind date” is written as 미팅 하다 (miting hada) in Korean.

Finally, with fixed expressions such as 남자친구 (namjachingu), meaning boyfriend, there is no need for proper spacing, even though it meets the criteria of noun + noun.

And that’s it for Korean spacing! Remember that you can always check your Korean spelling with the use of this site. However, for the most part, this is simple enough to learn that you shouldn’t need to get too worried about not being able to remember it all.

How different is Korean spacing from your language’s spacing rules? Let us know by leaving a comment below! Next up, maybe you’d like to learn about the Hangul stroke order?

The post Korean spacing – Learn when and how to use it appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


Please share, help Korean spread! 



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site – 황복사지 (Gyeongju)

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 23:43
The Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site in Gyeongju. Temple Site History

The Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site is located on the northeast side of Mt. Nangsan (99.5 m) in Gyeongju. The exact date and by whom the temple was first constructed is unknown. In fact, there is still some controversy as to whether this is in fact the location of the historic Hwangboksa Temple. However, with that being said, tiles were discovered at the site with the words “Hwangbok” or “Wangbok” written on them. Additionally, the sari reliquary discovered inside Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site, which is National Treasure #37, records how the temple was constructed to wish great fortune on the royal Silla family in the early 8th century.

According to the Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms in English, “Uisang’s father was Han-sin and his family name was Kim. At the age of twenty-nine he [Uisang-daesa] shaved his head and became a monk, residing at Hwangboksa Temple. Soon afterward, he decided to go to China to study Buddhist doctrine, and set out on his journey with Wonhyo.”

And because of this connection to Uisang-daesa (625-702 A.D.), not only is it presumed that the temple existed before Uisang-daesa becoming a monk, but also because of his instrumental efforts in the spread of Buddhism; and more specifically, Hwaeom Buddhism, throughout the Korean Peninsula, that Hwangboksa Temple grew both in importance and through its royal connections. Hwangboksa Temple must have once been an important Buddhist temple in Silla.

After the death of King Sinmun of Silla (r. 681-692 A.D.), his son, King Hyoso of Silla (r. 692-702 A.D.) had the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site built in 692 A.D. to pray for the soul of his dead father. And after the death of King Hyoso of Silla, his successor, King Seongdeok of Silla (r. 702-737 A.D.) placed sari and a sari reliquaries inside the historic pagoda in 706 A.D. And inside these sari reliquaries were a collection of items that included the Gold Seated Buddha from Guhwang-dong, which is National Treasure #79, and the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong, which is National Treasure #80. All of which was done for the prosperity and peace of Silla (57 B.C. – 935 A.D.). These two golden items were removed from the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site in 1942.

It’s also believed that Hwangboksa Temple was home to a Unified Silla Seongjeon, which was a government office established by the Silla Dynasty for temple management. These Seongjeon were also placed at Sacheonwangsa Temple, Bongseongsa Temple, Gameunsa Temple, and Yeongheungsa Temple, all of which were in the capital of Gyeongju. Because of this Seongjeon administrative office, it’s believed that Hwangboksa Temple served as a royal Buddhist temple which prayed for the repose of the dead. In fact, and according to Lee Hyun-tae, curator at the Gyeongju National Museum, “At the center of the temple that supported the legitimacy and sanctity of the king is the Sacheongwangsa Temple Site, Gyeongju, and the historic site attributed to Hwangboksa Temple.”

Now, and with all that being said, there has been some recent controversy produced through the excavations conducted more recently in 2016 and 2017. Originally, when the “Wangbok” tile was discovered on the temple grounds in 1966, it was assumed by most scholars that this was in fact Hwangboksa Temple. More recently, and from 2016-2017, only roof tiles with the words “Inbaeksa” and “Seonwonsa” were discovered on the temple site. But there is other proof at the site; namely stone artifacts and an abandoned royal tomb, that give a lot of credence to the fact that this was in fact the historic Hwangboksa Temple.

As was previously mentioned, the assumed Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site is home to three National Treasures. They include the aforementioned Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site, the Gold Seated Buddha from Guhwang-dong, and the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong. And the temple site is located on the Archaeological Area of Nangsan Mountain, which is Historic Site #163.

The excavated sites from 2016 (blue) and 2017 (red). (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). Part of the unfinished royal tomb at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site that’s presumed to be for King Hyoseong of Silla (r. 737-742 A.D.). (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). An up-close of the re-formed stones that were excavated from the unfinished royal tomb. (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). The excavated daeseokdan (a large-scale stone platform built of finely processed stones) at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site. (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). Four stone reliefs of the twelve Eastern zodiac animals known as the Sibiji-shin in Korean from the elevated main hall foundation. (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). A closer look at the four stone reliefs of the Eastern zodiac animals. From left to right: 9. Sheep, 10. Horse, 11. Snake, 12. Rabbit. (Picture courtesy of the Journal of Korea Archaeology, 2017). Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site Excavations

In total, there were two recent excavations conducted at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site. The first was in 2016 and the second was conducted in 2017. The first excavation, which was planned by the Gyeongju City Office with the financial support from the Cultural Heritage Ministry, was conducted in 2016. The first excavation of the site revealed a variety of features that included a cluster of stone materials clustered together and related to a royal tomb. The first excavation also revealed building features, fences, corridors, roads, and about 400 artifacts including eave-end tiles, roof tiles, bricks, and oil lamps.

During the second excavation, which took place starting in April, 2017, revealed various types of archaeological features which lend credence to the idea that Hwangboksa Temple was a royal temple from Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). These features included a building feature with a stone platform carved in relief with the twelve deities of the Eastern Zodiac, which are known as the Sibiji-shin in Korean. Additionally, a building feature laid on a daeseokdan (a large-scale stone platform built of finely processed stones), corridors, fences, drainage channels, roads, a pond, and some 1,000 artifacts were also discovered. These 1,000 artifacts included eave-end tiles, roof tiles, bricks, gilt-bronze statues of the Buddha, and gilt-bronze ornaments.

As for the stone materials of the royal tomb found at the presumed Hwangbosa-ji Temple Site, it was assumed that the area was in fact a royal tomb. The royal tomb was meant to have a diameter of 22 metres and a circumference of 60 metres, which would have made it a similar size to that of the Tomb of King Gyeongdeok, which was built in 765 A.D. Interestingly, some of the materials found were re-used as building material for other buildings at the site, as well as fences and platforms from Unified Silla. What’s interesting about this is the Silla belief in the afterlife. No royal tomb would have been used if in fact it had once belonged to a Silla royal tomb. So what’s believed by experts is that the construction work done on the royal tomb was interrupted for some unknown reason. With this in mind, it is now believed that this former royal tomb location was in fact the unfinished tomb for King Hyoseong of Silla (r. 737-742 A.D.). King Hyoseong of Silla had an unexpectedly short reign. In the Samguk Yusa, it’s recorded that the cremated ashes of King Hyoseong of Silla were cremated at Bupryunsa Temple and then later scattered in the East Sea according to his will. So the unused royal tomb material was used in the construction of various structures at Hwangboksa Temple including the main hall platform, support stones for the pagoda, and various temple structure platforms.

Another interesting feature that was done during the excavations at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site concern the building features laid on a daeseokdan (a large-scale stone platform built of finely processed stones) at the temple site. The daeseokdan was constructed using finely constructed rectangular stones, which measured up to 60 metres in length, and had a stone stairway attached to it extending from the centre of the northern side of the structure. Corridors were then laid on the stone platforms that were discovered. Interestingly, this is the first feature like this found at any temple in Gyeongju to date. With this in mind, it’s believed that this area is the main hall foundation at Hwangboksa Temple. However, and with the pagoda that still exists being elevated higher than the former main hall, the layout to the temple was believed to have a pagoda situated in the west and the main hall situated to the east like other historic temples of Silla like the Nawon-ri and Changrimsa Temple Sites.

As for the building features that appear on the stone platform of the daeseokdan, they include four stone reliefs of the twelve Eastern zodiac animals known as the Sibiji-shin in Korean. It was previously assumed to be the main hall when excavations were conducted on the site in 1968 and 1982. However, these initial excavations failed to reveal the function of this building. With these recent excavations conducted in 2016 and 2017, it’s now assumed that these four stone slabs with the zodiac animals on them were laid vertically on the outer surface of the stone platform of the building feature. These features, then, were possibly an important adornment for a structure that was integral to the performance of rituals. The style of these stone slabs and the twelve zodiac animals that they depict are similar to the ones on the Tomb of King Heondeok (r. 809-826 A.D.), who passed away in 826 A.D. So it’s assumed that the stone features from the incomplete royal tomb on the grounds of the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site were re-used on the main hall of Hwangboksa Temple.

Temple Site Layout

Unfortunately, very little is left of the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site besides the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site and the now overgrown excavation site that houses the foundation for the former Hwangboksa Temple. The three-story pagoda stands to the west of the temple site. It is typical of the stone pagodas produced during Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). However, it is smaller in size than similar ones found at the Gameunsa-ji Temple Site (N.T. #112) and Goseonsa-ji Temple Site (N.T. #38). The main body and roof stones of the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site are made of a single stone rather than several stones. The four corners of the roof stones are slightly raised upward that help create a lighter overall appearance to the structure. And only the base of the finial still remains. The Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site was dismantled and reconstructed in 1943. It was at this time that inside the second story roof stone artifacts were discovered. They included gilt-bronze reliquaries and two gilt-bronze Buddhist statues. And on the lid of one of the reliquaries, Chinese characters were carved providing important information about the date and purpose of the pagoda.

Other items found inside the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site, and their reliquaries, were the Gold Seated Buddha from Guhwang-dong, which is National Treasure #79; and the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong, Gyeongju, which is National Treasure #80. Both of these artifacts are now housed at National Museum of Korea in Seoul.

According to an inscription engraved on the sari reliquary, a gold Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) statuette was placed inside the reliquary in 706 A.D. This has led some historians to believe that this is the Amita-bul mentioned. However, some have raised doubts as the inscription specifies that the Amita-bul statuette is only 6 inches tall, while the present statuette is shorter than 4 inches (12.2 cm). But whatever the answer may be, the statuette consists of three parts: the mandorla, the Buddha’s body, and the lotus pedestal, which were designed to detach from each other.

As for the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong, the statuette stands 14 cm in height and is made of gold. It was also discovered inside the sari reliquary. This Buddha stands on its own gold pedestal, and it’s surrounded by a golden mandorla, which is placed behind its head. Based on inscriptions found on the sari reliquary, it’s strongly believed that the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong was made before 692 A.D., when the reliquary was enshrined inside the pagoda that was built that year.

How To Get There

From the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to cross the road and find the bus stop that has Bus #607. You’ll then need to take this bus for 12 stops, or 15 minutes. From where the bus drops you off, which should be the “Cheont-baeban – 첫배반” stop, you’ll need to head east and cross the street. Follow the signs as you pass by the Neungji Pagoda. You’ll continue walking for 20 minutes, or 1.3 km, until you arrive at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site.

Overall Rating: 3/10

Unfortunately, because so little remains at the temple site, excluding the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site, the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site rates as low as it does. However, with all that being said, the early Unified Silla pagoda at the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site is a wonderful example of the pagodas produced at this time. Also, the artifacts discovered inside the historic pagoda are not only precious Korean treasures, but they also give us insight and information into royal temples at this time. If you’re into Silla temple sites, then the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site should be explored.

The Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. A different angle of the pagoda. The now overgrown temple site. One more look at the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. And a look at the base of the historic Silla pagoda. A fragment of a green-glazed ridge-end tile from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. Fragments of a monument from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. And some more fragments from a monument from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. A green-glazed ink-stone from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. A concave roof tile with inscription from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. Bronze Nirmana Buddhas from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. A bronze image of the Buddha from the Hwangboksa-ji Temple Site now at the Gyeongju National Museum. The stone cover for the sari chamber from the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. The sari reliquaries from inside the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. The Gold Seated Buddha from Guhwang-dong from inside the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. The image is National Treasure #79. And the Gold Standing Buddha from Guhwang-dong from inside the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Hwangboksa Temple Site. The image is National Treasure #80. —

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Free Outdoor Movie Screenings at Busan Cinema Center

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 23:34
Date: Repeats every week every Wednesday until Thu Sep 15 2022. Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 20:00Wednesday, July 27, 2022 - 20:00Wednesday, August 3, 2022 - 20:00Location: Event Type: 



The ‘2022 Free Outdoor Movie Screenings’ at the Busan Cinema Center will be held weekly every Wednesday from June to September beginning at 8 pm at the outdoor theater of the Busan Cinema Center.


The outdoor theater, where the opening and closing ceremonies of the annual Busan International Film Festival are held, has 4,000 seats located under a giant roof and become a representative symbol of the Busan Cinema Center.


The movies will be screened rain or shine.

The outdoor movie screening event offers free admission with no ticket needed, with theater seats being provided on a first-come, first-serve basis.

Audience seats have a safe distance in between them to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Audience members are required to wear face masks in the venue. Eating food is prohibited (except water and non-alcoholic beverage).


2022 Free Outdoor Movie Screenings

○ Period: Designated Wednesdays from June 8 – September 14, 2022 at 8p.m.

○ Venue: Outdoor theater, Busan Cinema Center

○ Free admission

○ For more info: (051)780-6000

○ Website:


The movie screening schedule is listed below: (will be updated)

June 8 - Shoot the Piano Player

June 15 - 100 Dinge, 100 Things

June 22 - Misbehaviour

July 6 - The Legend Of 1900

July 20 - Django

July 27 - A Summer's Tale

August 3 - Your Voice-Kimikoe

August 10 - Robinson Crusoe

August 24 - CODA

September 7 - LA TRAVIATA

September 14 - THE MERRY WIDOW


This schedule is subject to change.

Paid parking is available at the venue. (2,000 won 19:00-23:00)

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Culture and Art Market ‘Boogi Store’ @ Busan Citizens Park

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 23:30
Date: Repeats every week until Sun Oct 23 2022 except Sat Sep 10 2022. Saturday, July 23, 2022 - 11:00Saturday, July 30, 2022 - 11:00Saturday, August 6, 2022 - 11:00Location: Event Type: 



The 2nd Culture and Art Market ‘Boogi Store’ takes place on June 18 and 19 at Busan Citizens Park.

The market will be held every Saturday until the end of October at Busan Citizens Park.


During the market’s second year visitors are able to come and appreciate the pieces on display, and buy works ranging from paintings and crafts to other creative items from new and young local artists.


The first market took place last November for one month. The market provided a good chance for visitors to see professional artwork, communicate with sellers and artists, have their caricature sketched and take a one-day art class.

It received a good response from those who attended.


The culture and art market named “Boogi Store” refers to ‘Boogi’, Busan’s public outreach character. About 50 booths will be set up with artwork, crafts, textiles and fashion items for display and sale, along with art classes and activities for visitors to take part in.


Various performances, including street art, busking and more, are scheduled to be held during the market.

This year’s market will focus on becoming a regular local market.


The market takes place every Saturday from 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. During the hot summer season, the market will open at night. In cases where the market has to close due to inclement weather, it will take place the next Saturday and Sunday over two days.

Admission is free


2022 Culture and Art Market Boogi Store

○ Period: Designated Saturdays between June 18 and October 22, 2022

○ Time: 11:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

(June 18, 19, 25) 11:00-16:00

(July 2, 3, 9, 16, 23, 30, August 6, 13, 20, 27) 15:00-20:00

(September 3, 17, 24, October 1, 2, 8, 15, 22) 11:00-16:00

○ Venue: Busan Citizens Park

○ Paintings, handicrafts, fabrics and clothes

The market may close due to inclement weather.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

International Idea Competition for Bcome2022 (World Expo 2030 Busan)

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 23:27
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Contact person by email



The 3rd International Idea Competition for Bcome2022

Theme: The national pavilion designs of World Expo 2030 Busan


Site Location: This competition is to promote designing on the virtual sites located at the North Port redevelopment area in Busan.


Qualifications for participation: No Limit


Application: fill out the application form on the official website


Prize: total 20 million KRW

* 1 recipient for 1st prize: 10,000,000KRW

* 1 recipient for 2nd prize: 5,000,000KRW

* 5 recipients for 3rd prize: 1,000,000KRW (for each team)

*others for Honorary Mention: Certificates of Merit


Submission of work:

1 file of and A0 size(upright),

1 file of and A3 size bird's eye-view panel design



Official website

Official e-mail [email protected]


Schedule of competition

Public notice of ideas competition Jul. 15(Fri.), 2022

Application for registration 9AM Jul. 15(Fri.) to 6PM Aug. 12(Fri), 2022


Submission Aug. 1(Mon.) to 12(Fri.), 2022

Answers Aug. 16(Tue.), 2022


Submission of works 9AM Sep. 19(Mon.) to 6PM Sep. 23(Fri.), 2022

Deliberation Sep. 30(Fri.), 2022

Announcement of winners Oct. 4(Tue.), 2022

On the official website

* The date and time is as per Korean Standard Time (GMT+09).



An abbreviated compound word of Busan(B) and Competition(Com), Bcome is the brand name of the Busan Architecture Festival's competition promoted to find new emerging architects.


For details, visit the official website 


(Please do not use the Email contact form on this.  If you need to contact the competition sponsors, please refer to the website)


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Dangerous Korean Hikes

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 09:23
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Wild animal droppings, maybe

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 09:05
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed


Subscribe to aggregator - Worldbridges Megafeed