Worldbridges Megafeed

Guitar for sale

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-06-28 06:40
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Contact person by email

Have a look, offer a price, don't be a clown!

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

temp job wanted 2 to 4 weeks

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-06-28 01:47
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: banyeoContact person by email

I am f6 visa nzer. Older person.

I am looking for a temp job or part time job in busan near banyeo .

Teaching is ok but adults only on 1 to 1 basis.





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10 ways to use Naver dictionary to support your Korean study

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-06-27 11:55

I've been using Naver Dictionary as my main Korean dictionary since as long as I can remember, and it's only gotten better over the past few years. However, since many learners are still unaware of how to use this dictionary to its full potential, I made this video to explain all of my tips for how to get the most out of it.

I'll show you how to look up words and their pronunciation, check how common words are, find synonyms and etymology, Hanja origins, example sentences, and more. (This video is not sponsored in any way.)

The post 10 ways to use Naver dictionary to support your Korean study appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




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US Foreign Policy Restraint Does Not Mean Abandoning Ukraine, per Kissinger (nor Taiwan); Proxy Wars are Not Direct Wars

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-06-27 06:51

Pursuing a restrained US foreign policy is compatible with helping Ukraine, because restraint still takes threats seriously and Putin is pretty obviously one.

This is a re-post of an essay I just wrote for

I am pretty shocked at how quickly Western opinion gravitated toward abandoning Ukraine just because gas prices and inflation went up.Good grief, people. Ukraine is getting taken apart piece by piece by a quasi-fascist aggressor deploying something like death squads behind the lines, and we can’t tolerate some minor lifestyle pain? Are we seriously that decadent?

More broadly, everybody knows the US needs to follow a more restrained foreign policy. I supported the Afghan withdrawal, even as people we losing their mind that is meant the end of the Western alliance. Helping Ukraine as a proxy does not violate that.

And Kissinger’s schtick that we should arm-twist the victim of the war into giving up tells you more about how Kissinger’s creepy fascination with power and might than it does about US or Western interests. (It’s the same reason he’s been sucking up to China under Xi.)

The war is breaking Russia’s claim to be a great power; we don’t need to treat Putin like he has some realist ‘right’ to stomp on his neighbors. And its pretty clear that Putin is a threat. He’s built a quasi-fascist regime at home and his meddled in his neighbors’ sovereignty for decades. Aren’t we supposed to balance power and threat, not fetishize it?

So yes, the US itself should not march into more quagmires. And yes, the US should not be directly militarily involved in Ukraine. But it is a proxy war pretty obviously in Western national interest, because Putin is pretty obviously a threat. And don’t wave Putin’s nukes around in bad faith. He’s not going to go nuclear against the West, nor does he anticipate a war with the West. If he did, he wouldn’t be allowing his army to be ground up just to take the Donbas. This nuclear scare-mongering is just deflection by pro-Russian MAGA pundits like Rod Dreher, Michael Tracey, or Tucker Carlson to undercut Ukraine, whom they want to lose.

Here is that essay:

As the war on terror went off the rails in the last two decades, calls for the US to show greater restraint in its foreign policy grew. One hears such language regularly now from both US political parties. Crucially however, greater caution in US foreign policy need not translate into abandoning Ukraine to be slowly taken apart by Russia. Greater ‘realism’ in US – and Western – foreign policy is not the same thing as cynicism. There is a clear prudential case for helping Ukraine.

Greater Restraint

By now the case for greater restraint in US foreign policy is well understood. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States emerged as the sole superpower, far ahead of any potential rivals. While the administration of President Bill Clinton did not fully grasp just how distinct the US had become, the next administration of President George W. Bush did. And in the wake of the 9/11 terror strike, it launched a massive effort to re-make the Middle East, something only a state with the extraordinary leverage the US had would even contemplate. This led to exorbitant claims fifteen years ago that the US was an ‘empire.’

Read the rest here.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University



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GeumDon Real Estate Agent

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-06-27 04:18
Location: Business/Organization Type: Website:

Hello, Dear Korea Bridge subscribers.
This is GeumDon Real Estate Agent located in Busan.
We have studios, two rooms, three rooms, and apartments that you are looking for, 
and we handle various types of contracts such as sales, lease, and monthly rent.
Our company provides interpretation for smooth communication between landlords and tenants and does our best for the convenience of our customers.
If you are looking for a house, please contact our company by phone, email, Kakao Talk, or visit.
Our company is located a 3-minute walk from Pusan National University Station and has a free parking lot, so you can use your own car.
Thank you.


사무소명칭(Agent Name): 금돈공인중개사사무소

대표/개업공인중개사(Name) : 김보경

소재지(Add) : 부산광역시 금정구 부산대학로 10, 부곡대우아파트 상가 1층 110호

전화번호(Tel) : 051-518-8289, 010-4499-8283

등록번호(Registration Num) : 제 26410-2022-00041호

이메일(E-mail) : [email protected]

KaKao ID: geumdon

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Geumsansa Temple – 금산사 (Gijang-gun, Busan)

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-06-26 23:30
The Reclining Buddha at Geumsansa Temple in Gijang-gun, Busan. Temple History

Geumsansa Temple is located in Gijang-gun, Busan, and it belongs to the Jogye-jong Order. The temple was first established in October, 1990 by the monk Geumsan; and hence, where the temple gets its name. In January, 2004, the temple added a large Reclining Buddha image inside the main hall. Also, and it’s unclear of the connection between the two, but the Sanshin-do (Mountain Spirit Mural) of Geumsansa Temple is Busan Cultural Heritage Property #85 as of 2015. The painting of Sanshin dates back to 1856. And it’s a wonderful example of a mid-19th century shaman painting. It’s unclear of the paintings present location.

The Sanshin-do (Mountain Spirit Mural) of Geumsansa Temple from 1856. (Picture courtesy of the Cultural Heritage Administration). Temple Layout

You first approach Geumsansa Temple down a country road that twists and turns. You’ll know that you’re nearing the temple grounds when you see a three-story stone pagoda to your right that’s joined by a stone lantern. Continuing to go straight, you’ll see a very busy compact temple courtyard. In front of the Daeung-jeon Hall are numerous statues, including a beautiful pink stone statue of fish, a statue of the Podae-hwasang (The Hempen Bag), and a pair of stone lanterns.

To the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall are the monks’ dorms, an administrative office, and the temple’s kitchen. And to the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall is the temple’s Jong-ru Pavilion that houses a Brahma Bell and a golden mokeo (wooden fish drum). And to the left of the Jong-ru Pavilion is the Yongwang-dang Hall. This newly built shaman shrine hall houses a seated image of Yongwang (The Dragon King) joined by a blue dragon with the sea as their backdrop.

As for the Daeung-jeon Hall, its exterior is rather plain, which in no way prepares you for what awaits you inside the main hall. When you first step inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll be welcomed by a massive, golden statue of a Reclining Buddha, Seokgamoni-bul. While more popular in other countries, the Reclining Buddha image is rarer to locate at a Korean Buddhist temple. Temples that come to mind are the neighbouring Jangsansa Temple in Gijang-gun, Busan and Manbulsa Temple in Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do. This massive image of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) takes up nearly the entire interior of the main hall. In front of this eye-catching image are sixteen statues dedicated to the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha), who are also joined by a larger image dedicated to an all-white Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion).

But that’s not where the splendour of the Seokgamoni-bul statue at Geumsansa Temple ends. To the right, and through the feet, you can enter into the body of the Buddha. Waiting for you at the entry are four wooden reliefs dedicated to the Four Heavenly Kings. Stepping inside the massive Reclining Buddha, and on the right wall, is a large Gamno-do (Sweet Dew Mural) wooden relief. And at the end of the corridor, near the head of the Reclining Buddha, is a standing triad centred by Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). The rest of the interior of the Daeung-jeon Hall, outside the reclining image of the Buddha, are lined with tiny, golden statues of Seokgamoni-bul.

After exiting the Daeung-jeon Hall, you can follow the sign next to the Jong-ru Pavilion that leads you up towards the Samseong-gak Hall. A forested pathway leads you through a bamboo forest to the a walled-off enclosure. This is where you’ll find the Samseong-gak Hall. The exterior walls of the Samseong-gak Hall are adorned with images dedicated to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) on the right wall and an image of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) on the left wall. Stepping inside the Samseong-gak Hall, you’ll find three murals dedicated to the three most popular shaman deities in Korean Buddhism. From left to right, they are Dokseong, Chilseong (The Seven Stars), and Sanshin. And these three murals are fronted by another beautiful collection of Nahan statues.

How To Get There

The easiest, and the least complicated, way to get to Geumsansa Temple is to take a train to Seosaeng Station K127, which is part of the Donghae Line, and take a taxi to Geumsansa Temple. From the Seosaeng Station to Geumsansa Temple by taxi, it’ll take about 8 minutes, and it’ll cost you about 7,000 won (one way).

Overall Rating: 6.5/10

The obvious main highlight is the interior of the Daeung-jeon Hall, especially the Reclining Buddha image (both inside the out). While the exterior of the statue is inspiring, the interior is awe-inspiring with its wooden reliefs of the Four Heavenly Kings and the Gamno-do (Sweet Dew Mural), as well as the triad centred by Birojana-bul at the end of the corridor. Adding to the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Jong-ru Pavilion, the Yongwang-dang Hall, and the Samseong-gak Hall.

Some of the statues in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall. A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at the massive Reclining Buddha. Who is joined by this reclining image of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And a row of Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha) in front of the Reclining Buddha. A look inside the Reclining Buddha. At the front of the corridor are these four reliefs of the Four Heavenly Kings. That are joined by this Gamo-do (Sweet Dew Mural) relief. And the triad at the end of the corridor is centred by Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). A look around inside the golden Daeung-jeon Hall. The stairs leading up to the Samseong-gak Hall. A look towards the Daeung-jeon Hall along the way. The bamboo pathway that leads you towards the shaman shrine hall. And the Samseong-gak Hall. With an image of Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) inside. —

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

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Looking for 1 female housemate in Busan! Apt. near Gwanganli Beach!

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-06-26 01:48
Classified Ad Type: Neighborhood: Namchun-dong, BusanContact person by email

 - Monthly rent: 300,000won all bills included
(high-speed internet, heating, water, apartment maintenance etc.) 
 - Deposit: 300,000won (deposit will be returned on your last day of stay) 
 - Move-in date: July 21, 2022 (Thursday)
- Seeking longer term stay: Ideally 1 year then month-to-month afterwards 

 - Spacious bedroom fully furnished with a bed, large desk, chair, mirror closet 
 - Bathroom is only shared with 1 other housemate 
 -The living room, kitchen and two balconies are common areas shared with the other 2 female housemates. 
 - Indoor laundry, refrigerator, microwave, kitchen tupperware, large selection of books etc. equipped in the apartment for you to use and read 

- The apartment is on the 9th floor and is facing the Gwanganli beach so has a spectacular view of the coast

- Location: Line 2 Green Line, Namchun Station (남천역(KBS)) Exit 3

- Preference: Non-smoker, someone clean and tidy who will use the apartment like their own

- I'm posting this on behalf of my parents who live in Busan. They are renting out their spacious 4 bedroom 2 bathroom apartment and currently looking for 1 new housemate to use the large bedroom.

You will be sharing the apartment with only 2 other female housemates; so 1 person per room, and the smallest room is being used as storage. 
 It is a nice clean apartment only steps away from Gwanganli beach. From the balcony it has an amazing view of the ocean.

- If interested please email me with an introduction of yourself and how long you would like to stay. Thank you!

안쪽 방2.jpg 안쪽 방4.jpg 거실.jpg 복도.jpg 부엌1.jpeg 발코니 뷰.jpeg 발코니 뷰1.jpg
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Pokemon Cards / PS5 / Xbox / Razor Blade &Microsoft laptops / and furnitures

Koreabridge - Sat, 2022-06-25 14:28
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: HaeundaeContact person by email

Hi, I am getting rid of lot of stuff at home because I told myself that I will quit gaming before I hit 30 years old which is already next month.

Laptops are almost new and some are still in the box as I like to purchase new upgraded laptops every year.

And the consoles like PS5 Disc Version and Xbox S is brand new and didn't even open them because pcmasterrace > consoles – btw both are still in box and bought it from amazon + customs fee

and I copped this ps5 disc ver before the model update with the original size heatsink: model CFI-1000A

Lastly I am willing to trade if you have any PSA graded pokemon cards for mine!

(1) Xbox Series S - $275

(1) PS5 Console model CFI-1000A - $997

(2) Microsoft Surface Laptop (1st Gen) Laptop (Windows 10 Pro, Intel Core i5, 13.5" LED-Lit Screen, Storage: 256 GB, RAM: 8 GB) Platinum color
A)with D brand cover $398.99
B)regular $398.99

(2) Razer Blade 15 Gaming Laptop: Intel Core i7-9750H 6 Core, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1660 Ti, 15.6" FHD 144Hz, 16GB RAM, 256GB SSD, CNC Aluminum, Chroma RGB Lighting, Thunderbolt 3, 9th Gen i7-9750H (GTX 1660 Ti | 144hz | 256GB SSD) $997

(9) Pokemon TCG: Shining Legends Special Collection Box Trading Card Set, 5 Booster Packs, 1 Rare Foil Raichu-GX Card, 1 Foil Pikachu Promo Card, 1 Oversize Foil $137

***with furniture you need to bring someone with you to carry it down – I will not be able to help you. And I also bought them all for few hundreds as well.

1/ Light brown+White - Long table with chair set – 170cm length x 65 width x 75 height - $35

2/ Light brown+Gray - Office table – 120cm length x 75 height $35

3/ Light Brown+White – tall bookshelf – 200cm height x 120cm length $35

you can text me @01046224024 for pictures
please do not call
please do not lowball
lets appreciate our busy schedule

and yes if you take multiples i might just throw you some discount – and this is first come first serve. Whoever comes to pick up the item will get it!

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Ever Home Easy Deck Tile D.I.Y. Flooring Materials Prefabricated Wood Flooring

Koreabridge - Sat, 2022-06-25 03:25
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood:  Busan Dongnae-gu Sajik-dong Contact person by email

Have a balcony or roof top that needs a flooring update? I bought a TON of these DIY flooring tiles for my roof top and then realized that I really didn't need them. (roof is too big)

The tiles are brand new and unpacked. Can sell all together or by the box. (3 boxes)

Ever Home Easy Deck Tile D.I.Y. Toys Flooring Materials 36P+6P Total42P

Prefabricated Wood Flooring

색상:초코브라운 (Color :Choco Brown)

I paid 237,000 KRW for the three to offers!

50% off this week!

Please message me-cheers ^^


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Elizabeth Ocarroll

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Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #12: Humble Speech

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-06-24 12:43

Humble Speech is another essential part of using politeness levels correctly, because it changes the entire feeling of your sentences. In this lesson you'll learn about what Humble Speech is and how to use it, as well as some of the most commonly used Humble Verbs in Korean.

This is a free series with 24 episodes, so that means we're halfway finished! Only 12 more to go!

The post Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #12: Humble Speech appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




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[Korean Phrase] -- Expressions used in department stores #shorts

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-06-24 09:01

Sign-up NOW and get 2-Weeks Free Trial
Learning strategy which is the fastest and easiest way to reach the target TOPIK score,
at a reasonable price of $14 a month.    Stay Connected! MasterTOPIK
Facebook      Kakaotalk        Instagram
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Korean handwriting – Express your style through written text

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-06-24 08:39

You’ll be able to appreciate Korean handwriting more once you get to know each Hangeul letter and have done some exercises. You can truly start having fun with writing in Korean.

Learning more about the different writing techniques is useful, especially when you’ll come across many people’s handwriting. In this article, we will teach you helpful facts to know about handwriting in Hangeul.

Why is learning about Korean writing important?

Nowadays, almost everything is done online, and we often send messages in the form of digital text. However, it is still important to learn about writing traditionally. Here’s why you need to give importance to learning about Korean writing.

Understand different handwriting easily

Being able to utilize handwritten Hangeul fonts and thus also read a local’s handwriting is another handy tool for when you’re in Korea. After all, you could be the master of speaking Korean, and all of that would be useless if you couldn’t read any written word!

Why might handwritten Korean sometimes be difficult to interpret, then? When you write slowly and with focus on each stroke, of course, you’ll come out with handwritten text that could look eerily similar to printed text.

However, most of us try to write as quickly as possible. And often the rush reflects upon our writing, too. And if you’re not at all familiar with what a more rushed handwritten Korean font looks like, you may be in trouble reading some important handwritten texts like doctor’s notes.

Learn different writing styles

Besides being useful to familiarize yourself with handwritten Hangul to interpret the text handwritten by others, it can also be fun to learn different fonts and techniques to write yourself. Once you’re comfortable enough, you’ll have ended up creating a style that expresses your own personality.

Also, handwritten text often looks more aesthetically pleasing than printed text, anyway, so why wouldn’t you want to master it?

How can you better understand handwritten Hangul?

Of course, the main key to understanding handwritten Hangeul is to simply read as many texts that have been handwritten, as well as write as often as possible utilizing different handwriting techniques.

Even if you are primarily practicing by scribbling down your own words, it can provide invaluable experience with learning to understand different handwritten strokes.

In the below section, we’ve introduced you to some techniques with which you can do this practice. Keep them in mind and

How can you make your Hangul handwriting look good?

You might have your own ways of practicing Hangeul in terms of how you write. However, we’ve also listed the two important things that you should consider below.

Practicing with the right materials

The first step to start practicing your handwriting skills for the alphabet – and why not Hangul writing in general – is to get the appropriate paper material for it. Since Hangul is in syllable blocks, you’ll want to utilize squared paper for it, aka 원고지 (wongoji) paper.

There are, of course, certain rules that should be followed when wongoji paper is used, especially if you write official texts such as for exams like TOPIK.

With wongoji paper, you can most of all practice honing your handwriting skills into one that’s clear and correct. However, for personal use, there’s nothing stopping you from using those same pieces of paper to discover your personal handwriting font, too!

Using references for writing styles

Secondly, if you struggle with figuring out how exactly you want your handwriting to look, you can head over online and search for different fonts for handwritten Hangeul. You can then utilize these font examples for your own handwritten texts and see what might feel natural and aesthetically pleasing to you.

And, of course, there’s no need to directly copy any particular font. You can make it yours – and also mash up a few different fonts together to make up your own unique style!

You can either look at your screen and try to match your letters to the characters being shown, or you can create and print word documents similar to when we learned the alphabet as small children and try to recreate the characters like that.

Although you end up not creating a differentiated handwriting font through this, you’ve at least exposed yourself to enough handwritten Hangeul content that you should be able to read a native Korean’s rushed handwriting!

How do handwritten Hangul letters differ from printed ones?

Before you get going and practice on your own, let’s go over which characters, in particular, might look quite different when handwritten. It’s more common for consonants to look different from their printed counterparts than vocals.

Letter ㄱ

The letter ㄱ is pronounced like “g” or “k,” depending on where in the word it is placed. In the handwritten text, you can sort of illustrate this further by drawing the letter sharper when it’s pronounced as “k” and softer when it’s “g.” For a softer and rounder ㄱ, draw it in one stroke. But for a sharper one, draw the two lines in different strokes.

Letter ㄴ

Although the letter ㄴ never changes in pronunciation, you can apply the same technique here when you want to write it softer or sharper as with ㄱ.

Letter ㄷ

This letter is typically handwritten in two strokes. It is especially with the second stroke, with which you draw the shape ㄴ essentially, that you can influence the shape of the letter ㄴ.

Letter ㄹ

The letter ㄹ is one of the letters changing their shape the most depending on who writes it. Although traditionally written in three strokes, to showcase it similarly to a cursive design, you can only use two strokes. It can look drastically different from the original letter but also really pretty.

Letter ㅁ

Although ㅁ really doesn’t change shape much and is quite easy to write, you can learn a specific handwritten style, so the ㅁ looks more artistic.

Letter ㅂ

The stroke rules for the letter ㅂ make it quite definite what the letter will look like. However, if you take some artistic liberties, your letter ㅂ might end up looking quite unique. For example, if you try to complete the letter in just two strokes.

Letter ㅅ

Another one that is incredibly simple to write out is the letter ㅅ. You are supposed to draw it in two strokes, but it can easily be written in just one stroke as well. If you want it to look unique, even with two strokes, you can try and leave some space between the two strokes.

Letter ㅍ

Here’s another example of a letter that you can morph into a completely different look with unique handwriting. Specifically, it can look different if it’s written in three strokes instead of the official four.

Letter ㅎ

Finally, ㅎ can also look quite different from what you’re accustomed to when handwritten.

Letter ㅛ

As we mentioned before, vocals tend to vary in handwritten representation slightly less than consonants, but some letters like ㅛ and ㅓ might also look quite different in a handwritten style.


As has been shown above, though the language has quite a specific stroke order and rules, it is possible to morph the characters into a unique look with your handwriting.

Although you might not want to immediately create your own handwriting style and would rather stick to basics, it is important to know what each letter looks like when handwritten so that you can interpret written Korean more.

Based on these examples, do you think it is really difficult or easy to understand Korean handwriting? Let us know in the comments!

The post Korean handwriting – Express your style through written text appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


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2022 Medi Expo Korea 11th Daegu International Medical Tour Expo

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-06-24 08:04
Date: Repeats every day until Sun Jul 03 2022. Friday, July 1, 2022 - 10:00Saturday, July 2, 2022 - 10:00Sunday, July 3, 2022 - 10:00Location: Event Type: 


For those interested in health care, I'd like to inform you


[2022 Medi Expo Korea 11th Daegu International Medical Tour Expo]

Date: July 1, 2022 (Fri) ~ July 3, 2022 (Sun)

Time: 10:00 a.m. – 06:00 p.m. (last day 05:00p.m.)

Venue: (Offline) Exhibition Hall 2, West Wing 1F

            (Online) Official YouTube Channel_MEDICITY DAEGU


[2022 Medi Expo Korea Healing Talk Show]

Date: July 2, 2022(Sat) 11:00 ~ 12:30

Venue: EXCO Auditorium

Type / Participant Number : Offline / 500 people

Invited Speaker : Neuropsychiatry Specialist Jaejin Yang


Various events are held along with useful information on medical tourism

please pay a lot of attention.





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Used snowboard and boots

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-06-24 03:13
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Contact person by email

Used snowboard and boots for sale. The boots are US size 9. They were purchased in Korea around 2009 and used for three seasons. Looking for 50,000 won. 

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Sambulsa Temple – 삼불사 (Gyeongju)

Koreabridge - Wed, 2022-06-22 23:25
The Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong at Sambulsa Temple. Temple History

Sambulsa Temple, which means “Three Buddhas Temple” in English, is located on the northwest side of Mt. Namsan (494 m) in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. It’s believed that the stone triad dates back to the early 7th century. They are believed to be the oldest full-sized stone Buddhist statues in Gyeongju. In fact, they are believed to be some of the earliest examples of Buddhist art in all of Korea.

Sambulsa Temple was constructed in 1923 to house the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong. The historic triad is Korean Treasure #63. Originally, the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong was located further up the mountain at the Seonbangsa-ji Temple Site. According to Sunkyung Kim’s paper, “Research on a Buddha Mountain in Colonial-Period Korea: A Preliminary Discussion,” Kim discusses how a Japanese man by the name of Osaka Kintaro first discovered the triad during Japanese Colonization (1910-1945). Osaka Kintaro was the principal of the Gyeongju public primary school, and upon his arrival in Gyeongju in 1915, Osaka Kintaro had heard rumours about a stone Buddha triad almost completely buried near Poseokjeong on the northwest part Mt. Namsan. However, it wasn’t until 1917 that Osaka Kintaro actually found it after using a local kid’s directions. Then in 1922, anticipating Prince Kotohito’s visit to Gyeongju (1865-1945), who was the Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff from 1931 to 1940, the “Society for the Preservation of Historical Remains of Kyongju [Gyeongju]” wanted to move the triad to their exhibition room. The Society were a group of professionally trained archaeologists, ethnologists, anthropologists, and administrators from Japan, as well as local Koreans. Originally they were known as the “Silla Society.” However, because of the technological challenges of moving such large statues, they ended up leaving the triad where it was on Mt. Namsan.

When Osaka Kintaro later re-visited the triad, he described it in his book “Pastimes of Kyongju [Gyeongju].” Here he described how the locals of Mt. Namsan had started to stack small stones in front of the statue while making a wish. He would go on to describe how he believed that not only was the triad an active place of worship for the locals, but that the entire mountain of Mt. Namsan continued to be a place of worship for Koreans.

Frontispiece illustration. Drawing by Kosugi Misei. Pastimes of Kyŏngju, 1931. (Picture courtesy of here).

In addition to the the history of the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong , there is some dispute as to who the triad is meant to represent. Because of the “gesture of fearlessness” mudra (ritualized hand gesture) that the central image is striking, the image is thought to be Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). However, because of its placement between the statues of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) and Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul), it’s believed by some that the central statue is in fact Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). And because of this discrepancy, it’s believed by some scholars that these three statues weren’t in fact the original set of statues in the triad; instead, they are an assortment of varying statues from different temple sites put together to form the current triad that we now see at Sambulsa Temple. But whatever the answer, which we might never know, the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong is a remarkable piece of Buddhist artistry from the Silla Dynasty (57 B.C. – 935 A.D.).

Temple Layout

You’ll first approach Sambulsa Temple from the temple parking lot and up a trail that leads you towards the peak of Mt. Namsan. Arriving at the temple courtyard after mounting an uneven set of stone stairs, you’ll find a three-story stone pagoda. According David Mason, there are two theories as to how the pagoda came to be at Sambulsa Temple. In one theory, this pagoda is a reconstruction from the Seonbangsa-ji Temple Site, where the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong came from, as well. In yet another theory, the stone fragments that comprise this pagoda were excavated from the nearby mountainside. And according to an inscription on one of the pagoda’s stones, it was built in 880 A.D., as a monument for a once standing temple that’s now inhabited by Sambulsa Temple.

Straight ahead of you is the diminutive Daeung-jeon Hall. The exterior walls to the main hall are adorned with beautiful painted flowers, as well as paintings dedicated to Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). Stepping inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a solitary image of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) on the main altar. To the right of the main altar is the temple’s Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural). This Shinjung Taenghwa is rather unique in its design. In the upper portion of the mural, and in the middle, you’ll find an image of the Hindu god Brahma. Also according to David Mason, “The Korean/Chinese Buddhist term for Brahmā is 大梵天王 Daebeom-cheonwang = Great Brahman Heavenly King, or just 梵天 Beomcheon – this powerful deity was adopted from Hinduism into Buddhism as a protector of the Dharma Teachings, and he is never depicted in Buddhist texts or artworks as a creator-god.”

To the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall are the monks’ quarters at Sambulsa Temple. And to the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Sanshin-gak Hall. There are three distinct paintings that surround the shaman shrine hall. One is a Taoist painting of Bukseong (The North Star) riding a deer, while a dongja (attendant) holds a Immortality Peach. Another painting is a Sanshin-like (Mountain Spirit) mural. And the final is of the Smoking-tiger motif. Stepping inside the Sanshin-gak Hall, you’ll find a greenish clothed image of Sanshin holding a fan in one hand and a staff in the other.

But the main highlight to Sambulsa Temple, and probably the real reason you’ve decided to visit this Gyeongju temple, are the aforementioned Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong. The triad now rests under a large wooden pavilion. And as was mentioned before, the central image is thought to be either Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) or Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). Joining this central image to the right is Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And to the left is perhaps the finest historic depiction of Daesaeji-bosal in Korea. The central image stands 2.6 metres in height, while the accompanying Bodhisattva images stand 2.3 metres in height, respectively. The central image was already discussed above, so I won’t discuss this image any further; however, the image of Gwanseeum-bosal to the right is adorned with a crown and a slight smile on its face. The right hand is placed on its chest, and its left hand hangs down freely at its side while holding a bottle. In her crown, you can see the image of Amita-bul, which gives away the identity of this statue as Gwanseeum-bosal. And to the left, you’ll find the image of Daesaeji-bosal, who also has a slight smile of serenity on its face. This image is beautifully clad in thick necklaces and beads. In this statue’s nimbus, you’ll find five Buddha images. Of the three statues that comprise the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong, the statue of Daesaeji-bosal is the statue that stands out the most for its beauty.

How To Get There

To get to Sambulsa Temple, you’ll first need to get to the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal (which you might be at if you’ve arrived from outside of town). From this bus terminal, you can catch Bus #502 or Bus #504 from across the terminal. When you board the bus, and just to be sure, you can ask the bus driver, “Namsan Sambulsa”? You can take a bus or simply take a taxi. The trip, one way, should cost about 10,000 won. And from where either the bus or the taxi drops you off, which should be near the temple parking lot, a broad trail heading up to Mt. Namsan should be right in front of you. Two hundred metres up the trail, and you’ll find Sambulsa Temple.

Overall Rating: 7/10

Arguably, the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong at Sambulsa Temple is a top ten historic triad of statues in Korea. So not only is it a highlight to Sambulsa Temple, but it’s a major and masterful representation of Silla Buddhist art from the early 7th century. Of the three, it’s the image of Daesaeji-bosal that stands out for its ornate beauty and serenity. In addition to this historic triad, have a look for the Shinjung Taenghwa inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, the three folk art images surrounding the Sanshin-gak Hall, and the image of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) inside the shaman shrine hall. While lesser known, especially in Gyeongju, it’s definitely worth a visit or two.

The three-story stone pagoda in the temple courtyard at Sambulsa Temple. The Daeung-jeon Hall. Some of the beautiful floral murals that adorn the main hall. The main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. The unique Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. Some purple hydrangea at Sambulsa Temple. The Sanshin-gak Hall. The Bukjeong (North Star) mural that adorns one of the exterior walls of the Sanshin-gak Hall. And a Smoking-tiger motif mural that also adorns one of the exterior walls of the Sanshin-gak Hall. The Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural inside the shaman shrine hall. The pathway leading up to the pavilion that houses the Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong. The beautiful Stone Standing Buddha Triad in Bae-dong. A look at the central Seokgamoni-bul (Historical Buddha) or Amita-bul (Buddha of the Western Paradise) statue. To the right is this image of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And to the left is arguably the finest historic example of Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul) in all of Korea. —

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