Worldbridges Megafeed

Wild hike in Korea

Koreabridge - Sun, 2022-07-17 08:46
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Photographing in the Rainy Season in Korea

Koreabridge - Sat, 2022-07-16 08:13

The rainy season is upon us here in Korea and it is a damp and sticky time of the year. If it is not raining, the humidity will make your armpits and forehead rain with sweat. With that being said, what (as a photographer) do you do?

Just Roll with It

The first piece of advice I would give is to just take it day by day. You never know what the weather will do during this time and often, it will kick out a great sunrise or an absolute burner of a sunset. As I was recording my podcast on this, the day was actually amazing. It was hot but there were blue skies and white puffy clouds.

Basically, there sometimes will be a mixed bag when it comes to the weather and you may get lucky or you may end up heading out a 3am and witness the sun rise into a white milky wasteland of a sky. You just never know.

So my advice here is to just roll with it and not place too much importance on getting the most perfect shots but rather just make the best out of what you got.

Use Your Time Wisely

You don’t have to spend this time actually out taking photos. You can use it to go through your previous shots and find some images that you might have overlooked. Often, you can find some great shots that you took but never edited because you had something else in mind when you edited them. Now, as you have progressed with your creative vision, you might see things differently. Thus, you can use this so-called “downtime” to review and see what you can find.

You can also visit museums or art galleries in your city to find inspiration. I usually take this time to catch up on the backlog of ebooks that have accumulated on my computer. This allows me to gain insight and also inspires me to practice a few new techniques. Again, you can use this time effectively and to your advantage.

Work with the Weather

Often there will be a few nice days mixed in with the rainy season but for the most part, it is a hot muggy mess. So what can you do? Well, my best advice would be to explore some other areas like food photography or still life. This is a time when you can turn of the A/C and make a home studio.

Korea is also one of the most caffeinated places in the world and especially around the larger cities, you can find some truly stunning cafes. This is where you can set up some model shoots or some food photography or anything really. Just make sure that you are not infringing on other people or taking up too much space.

I usually try to go as early as I can and get set up. That way you are not trying to shoot around people or having too many onlookers. Check google or kakao maps and they will show you when the peak times are.

The final point here is that you can shoot the bad weather, that is fine. My Dad would often say “get out there! You’re not made of sugar!” which basically means toughen up! Seaside shots of waves crashing on the rocks or wet city streets lit by neon signs are great places to start from.

The bottomline here is that you can make the most out of this season if you want to. Also you can take this time and chill for a bit and recalibrate. It is always up to you and your creative drive. So take some time and see what happens. It is not all doom and gloom even though it might look like that outside.

The post Photographing in the Rainy Season in Korea appeared first on The Sajin.

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #15: Casual Speech and ‘You’

Koreabridge - Fri, 2022-07-15 10:33

A commonly used word to say "you" is 너, but this word is frequently misused and overused by many Korean learners. There are several other common ways to refer to people in Casual Speech besides just saying 너, so here are the most common and useful ones that you should know.

This series is a free 24 lesson course all about Korean Politeness Levels. Every week I'll upload a new episode, but if you're a YouTube Member of my channel you can watch the entire course right now!

The post Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #15: Casual Speech and ‘You’ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Halloween in Korea – How to celebrate this popular event

Koreabridge - Thu, 2022-07-14 04:39

Have you experienced Halloween in Korea? Derived from the old European celebrations of All Hallow’s Eve, Halloween has grown into a true worldwide phenomenon.

Although trick or treating largely still remains an American way of enjoying Halloween, other countries around the world have introduced their own bits of celebrations into their cultures, including Korea.

What is Halloween in Korea like, then? How much fun can you get into over the annual Halloween festival? How much might it differ from western traditions? In this article, we will tell you all there is to know about the Korean Halloween celebration!

What is “Halloween” in Korean?

The word for “Halloween” in Korean is 할로윈 (hallowin). It’s similar to how it’s expressed in English, so it’s wonderfully easy to remember!

How to say “Happy Halloween” in Korean

This is incredibly easy as well. Just say 해피 할로윈! (Haepi hallowin!). One of the perks of Halloween being an imported holiday is that you won’t have to learn totally new expressions for it.

When is Halloween celebrated in Korea?

Halloween in Korea is celebrated annually on October 31. This falls on the same date as other countries’ Halloween celebrations.

How to celebrate Halloween in Korea

Sadly, if you are in Korea, you will most likely not be able to go trick or treating as it is not in any way a custom there. You may not get to marvel at Korean houses and buildings all donned up in creepy Halloween decorations.

None of your local friends may be accustomed to the idea of carving pumpkin heads. And unfortunately, people probably won’t put together haunted houses, either.

However, as this event is becoming increasingly popular in recent years, you may also have fun while celebrating this event in Korea in some other ways. It’s not in any kind of way a traditional holiday for Koreans, but it’s something that especially young adults love to enjoy in some fashion, possibly due to the influence of American media.

Every year, the idea of celebrating Halloween also seems to be gaining popularity, even if it has remained significantly different from traditional celebrations of the holiday. And don’t worry – putting on a terrific dress or attire is still most definitely a part of it! Here are some popular ways how this event is celebrated in Korea.

Halloween special events with discounts

For example, you may be able to find Halloween-specific discounts or other types of specials in some stores. Notably, bakeries and cafes may come up with drinks and pastries related to Halloween that you’ll regret not tasting the one time. You might even find a zombie bartender who’ll make you a drink!

Don’t be surprised if you find some masterfully decorated monster cupcakes or ghost donuts or the like, especially at places such as Dunkin’ Donuts or Krispy Kreme. Independent locally-owned cafes likely will also have cakes aligning with the Halloween theme.

And, at the very least, you will be able to drink some pumpkin lattes or similar drinks! For example, Starbucks can be a safe bet for finding some Halloween-related drinks and cakes.

Halloween costume parties

And yes, costume parties are a big part of Halloween in South Korea! Especially in the different neighborhoods of Seoul you can put on a costume and go out for a fun night out without being looked at as weird.

Some costume shops have popped up in the past couple of years, from where you can find costumes unless you want to make one yourself or order it online.

Enjoy a Halloween Party in key cities in South Korea

You can enjoy Halloween in a costume anywhere in the city, but for the flashiest night, head over to either Itaewon or Hongdae. Especially Itaewon, the part of Seoul that’s known to be particularly foreigner-friendly, likes to decorate its storefronts in anticipation of Halloween.

Halloween in Itaewon

Once the big night comes, everyone who’s anyone will put on elaborate costumes of their liking and go roam around the streets of Itaewon. There may not always be an official costume contest held, but just parading around the streets filled with bars operates as a showcase for the dressers and general crowds in Itaewon.

If you have seen the drama Itaewon Class, you may already have an idea of what to expect, as it was shown quite accurately in this drama.

Halloween in Hongdae

In Hongdae, many people will also dress up and spend the night hopping through bars and clubs. Some meetup organizations like Seoul Pub Crawl may also host special events like bar hopping as well, which may be fun to join with friends or alone.

For those who get exhausted over how crowded Itaewon gets, there may also be more much-welcomed breathing space on the streets of Hongdae. Even so, Hongdae is also expected to get full with Halloween party people in costumes.

Halloween in Gangnam

Although Gangnam is not as big of a spot for Halloween brawls and costume parties, you do find one of the best costume shops in Seoul in that neighborhood. It’s called Toy Party Store and it may be quite fun to go have a look around.

You’re guaranteed to find some Halloween-related accessories there, even if you don’t find costumes to your liking. A Haunted Factory Party also takes place in Gangnam, hosted by Global Seoulmates.

Decorating for Halloween

In case you are a teacher at a school or an academy, you may get chances to decorate for Halloween with your students, and maybe even do an event around it. But in general, parents don’t tend to celebrate this event with their children, not in a big manner, anyway.

It is more likely they would take their kid to an amusement park to watch the parade rather than have them all dressed up in costumes. American military bases may, of course, be notable exceptions to this.

While you won’t be able to find any big, orange pumpkins in South Korea – except possibly at military bases – there are other types of pumpkins available at grocery stores. By utilizing them, you can make delicious pumpkin meals and treats, such as a pumpkin pie, in celebration of the holiday at home.

Halloween events in Korea

Here are also some additional events you may want to check out during the Halloween season:

Everland’s Halloween Parade Party

If you’ve got the time to head out of Seoul, a great destination to head over to is Yongin, specifically the largest theme park in Korea, the Everland amusement park.

Besides having fun riding all its excellent rides, Everland always decorates for Halloween quite nicely. Actually, “nicely” would be an understatement, as the theme park looks really awesome during this season, even if it’s a little more cute than scary.

And, since a few years ago, they also began hosting an annual parade party on Halloween, which can be exciting to watch. There can also be other Halloween-specific activities to get swept up in, like the “Everland Blood City” with zombie photo spots. Some years there have also been rides decorated accordingly, as well as a haunted house.

Lotte World’s Halloween Horror Festival

Go enjoy a day at this popular amusement park while marveling at the awesome Halloween-themed places they have managed to set up. They also host a Halloween-themed parade, during which candies will be given away to children.

Many of the attractions will get a Halloween do-over, there’s a prison escape room and more to enjoy when visiting during the Halloween season.

Zombie Run Festival

With the first race having been arranged in 2019, Halloween festivals like the Zombie Run Festival have the potential of becoming a popular activity to get swept up in on Halloween. This is a modern part of Halloween that was also first put into action in the United States, from where Koreans picked it up.

In Zombie Run, participants are divided into two groups. One group consists of survivors, which is where general participants get placed, and their task is to run away from the zombies. The other group, of course, is the zombies.

They are played by professionals, with proper Zombie costumes and makeup on. The run is 3 kilometers long as a whole and is expected to take up to 1 hour, starting from Lotte World Tower.

Dark Side of Seoul Ghost Walk

This event isn’t specific only to Halloween, as you can book the ghost walk any time of the year. However, due to its theme, it makes for an excellent and also unique way to celebrate this holiday when in Korea.

On this tour, you’ll walk around some of Seoul’s spooky streets, learning about urban legends and more.

Yongin’s Korean Folk Village

Here, you can find Korea putting its own spin on Halloween. During the season, in the evening time, the performers will put on makeup and costumes fitting the theme and put on a show while dressed as popular Korean urban legends. This can be another unique way to enjoy this event while also getting familiar with a folk village.

Where to buy Halloween costumes and decorations from?

At least in Seoul, you have a few options from where you can find costumes for Halloween. Finding costumes may be slightly tougher, but finding decorations for Halloween should be quite easy at one of these stores.

Daiso: Any of this chain’s stores is exceptional for Halloween decorations.

Flying Tiger Copenhagen: This chain is also great for Halloween-related decorations.

Joy Party: Great, especially for masks. Found at: 191 Itaewon-ro, Itaewon 1(il)-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul

Party House: Great for face paints and party supplies. Found at: 27, Dosan-daero 25-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul

Party N Deco: Great for wigs. Found at: 56, Bangbae-ro 13-gil, Seocho-gu, Seoul

If you are not American, how does your country celebrate Halloween? How much does it differ from Korea? If you are an American, does this sound like a fun alternative way to spend Halloween while you’re away from home? Let us know in the comments below!

The post Halloween in Korea – How to celebrate this popular event appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


Please share, help Korean spread! 



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Jungsaengsa Temple – 중생사 (Gyeongju)

Koreabridge - Wed, 2022-07-13 23:30
The Rock-Carved Seated Bodhisattva Triad in Nangsan Mountain at Jungsaengsa Temple. Temple History

Jungsaengsa Temple is located on the northwestern part of Mt. Nangsan (99.5 m) in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. Jungsaengsa Temple is a branch temple of Bulguksa Temple. Jungsaengsa Temple was first founded in 679 A.D. Also, and alongside Baengnyulsa Temple and Minjangsa Temple, Jungsaengsa Temple was central to the worship of Gwanseeum-bosal during Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). After this point in history, however, very little is known about Jungsaengsa Temple and when it eventually fell into disrepair. Jungsaengsa Temple would eventually be reconstructed in the 1940’s on the old temple site. And today, there are a handful of temple structures at Jungsaengsa Temple.

Jungsaengsa Temple is home to the Rock-Carved Seated Bodhisattva Triad in Nangsan Mountain, which is Korean Treasure #665. Also, and where the temple is located, which is on Mt. Nangsan, it’s the Archaeological Area of Nangsan Mountain, which is Historic Site #163.

Temple Myths

In total, there are four different myths directly connected to Jungsaengsa Temple and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) from the Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms in English. The first of these myths is about a Chinese painter from Tang that eventually moves to Silla:

“Once upon a time, the Celestial Emperor of China had a favourite whose beauty was unsurpassed by any other woman in the kingdom, nor was her like to be found in any pictures of girls as fair as May roses or June peonies in all ages and climes. Wishing to look upon her always in bloom in her youth and beauty, the Emperor decided to have her portrait painted.

“The court artist was therefore ordered to paint the portrait. The name of this artist isn’t known with certainty, but he is believed to have been Chang Seng-yao, a renowned painter of the state of Wu. During the time of Liang T’ien-chien he served the kingdom of Wu-ling as court artist, right general and magistrate of Wu-hsing. If this be true, then the emperor in the story must have ruled between Liang [502–557 A.D.] and Chen [557–589 A.D.] periods. The Silla book refers to him as Tang emperor, but this is simply because the people of Silla were unaccustomed to refer to China as Tang.

“Whoever he was, the artist painted a faithful portrait of this peerless beauty. However, while he was adding the finishing touches to the picture, he was so filled with rapture at the beauty of the woman unfolding before him that his hand trembled and let the brush slip, and it made a mark like a mole just below the portrait’s navel. In consternation he tried to paint it out, but could not. ‘It must be one of her birthmarks,’ thought the artist, ‘but even in a picture women are ashamed of moles on the innermost parts of their bodies.’

“When the portrait was presented to the throne the Emperor scrutinized it closely and then spoke angrily to the artist: ‘This picture is too realistic! How could you have known there was a mole under her navel, and how could you dare to put it in your picture?’ The infuriated Emperor had the artist imprisoned and gave orders for his execution the next day, for burning jealousy of the man’s evident intimacy with his beloved knew no bounds.

“The artist was fairly caught. He would have been hanged immediately but for the intervention of the prime minister, who said, ‘He is as straight as bamboo, and has known no woman but his wife.’

“The Emperor nodded and spoke again to the artist. ‘Since you are so wise as to paint the mole on my woman when you have not seen it, paint a lifelike picture of the lovely woman whom I saw in a dream last night and you shall have my special pardon.’

“The artist painted the graceful figure of the eleven-faced Gwanseeum-bosal [The Bodhisattva of Compassion] and presented it to the throne. ‘This is she!’ exclaimed the Emperor. ‘Now you shall have your liberty.’

“After this narrow escape the artist no longer wished to live in his native country. Accompanied by a wise man named Buncheol, he crossed the sea to Silla, and there he made portraits of the Merciful Goddess in three incarnations [Gwanseeum-bosal], which were placed in Jungsaengsa Temple. The people of Gyeongju admired the holy beauty of these pictures and prayed to the Bodhisattva to fulfill their wishes with heavenly bliss.”

Another myth from the Samguk Yusa about Jungsaengsa Temple and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) concerns a father wishing for a son:

“During the closing years of Silla, in the Tien-cheng period (926-929 A.D.), the childless wife of the nobleman Choe Eunseong prayed to the Buddha at Jungsaengsa Temple to give her a son. Her prayer was heard, and she soon conceived and bore a baby boy. But before the child was three months old the tiger general of Later Baekje, Chin Hwon, sacked Gyeongju, and many people lost their wives and children. Carrying the tiny baby in his arms, Eunseong fled to the temple and implored the aid of the merciful Bodhisattva, saying ‘The enemy soldiers run amok in the King’s capital, attacking women and killing babies. If my son was born through your holy blessing, care for him now and nourish him in your bosom till I come again.’ He wrapped the child warmly and laid him beside the lotus pedestal of the seated Bodhisattva, said a tearful farewell and departed.

“Two weeks later, when the enemy had evacuated the city, Choe Eunseong returned to the temple and found the child in robust health. His body was as white as if he had been newly washed, his breath smelled of fresh milk, and his face beamed with a bright smile. Choe picked the child up in his arms and took him home, where he grew up to be a strong and intelligent man.

“This was Choe Seungno, who rose to the highest posts in the government and had many children who also achieved high position at court, generation after generation.”

And here is the third myth from the Samguk Yusa about Jungsaengsa Temple and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) that concerns the temple’s abbot:

“In March of the tenth year of Tung-huo (992 A.D.), Seong-dae, the abbot of Jungsaensa Temple, knelt before the image of the Bodhisattva [Gwanseeum-bosal, The Bodhisattva of Compassion] and said, ‘I have lived at this temple for many years and I have kept the incense burning in the censer day and night. But now the income from the temple lands has ceased, so that it is impossible for me to continue this service. I must bid you farewell and move to another place.’

“As he finished speaking, the monk was suddenly attacked by drowsiness and fell into a trance. In this state, he heard the low, sweet voice of the Bodhisattva [Gwanseeum-bosal] whisper in his ear: ‘My good monk, do not leave, but abide with me yet. I will go round and get donations for the temple supplies.’

“The monk awoke joyfully from his trance and remained in the temple. Two weeks later two stout countrymen led into the temple grounds a caravan of horses and oxen fully loaded with supplies. The abbot ran out to meet them. ‘Where have you come from?’ he inquired.

“‘We have come from Geumju [Gimhae],’ they replied. ‘A few days ago a strange monk came to our village and told us that he had lived at Jungsaengsa Temple in the Eastern Capital [Gyeongju] for many years. He said that he had come to ask for donations for the temple, which was a great want, and so we collected six large bags of rice and four large bags of salt as gifts. We placed them on the backs of our strong horses and oxen, and here they are. Please come and help us to unload them.’

“‘No monk from this temple has gone out to ask for alms,’ the abbot said. ‘Perhaps you have come to the wrong place.’

“‘The monk guided us,’ the countrymen replied, ‘as far as a well which he called Singyeon-jeong [God-seeing Well] below the hill, and pointed to this temple, saying, ‘Go carefully up the mountain, and you will find a temple above the clouds. I will join you on the temple grounds.’ So here we are.”

“In wonderment the monk entered the Golden Hall with the two countrymen. He was amazed to see them prostrate themselves before the image of Gwanseeum-bosal, whispering to each other that it looked exactly like the monk who had come asking for donations. From that time gifts of rice and salt never ceased to flow into the temple to nourish the Bodhisattva and her devotees.”

And here is the fourth and final story about Gwanseeum-bosal and Jungsaengsa Temple from the Samguk Yusa:

“One evening the temple gate caught fire. All the people living nearby rushed up the hill to help put out the fire and went into the Golden Hall to rescue the image of Gwanseeum-bosal first. But when they arrived it was not there, and it was found outside in the courtyard. All were astonished at this wonder-working of the almighty Bodhisattva.

“In the thirteenth year of Ta-ting, the year of the snake (1173) a monk named Cheomsung lived at Jungsaengsa Temple. He was illiterate, but his inward eye saw Buddha’s mind, and he kept the incense-burner alight with holy flame from morning till night as he knelt before the image of the merciful Bodhisattva.

“Another monk who wanted the temple for himself appealed to the Angel of Shirts [?], saying, ‘Jungsaengsa Temple was created to invoke the Buddha’s grace and blessings on all the myriad of creatures in this nation, and therefore a learned person should be its proprietor. This poor monk knows only enough to say “Namu-amita-bul” and “Gwanseeum-bosal” waking and sleeping. He should be turned out of the temple.’

“‘Very well,’ the angel replied, ‘I will test him.’ The written appeal was presented upside down to Cheomsung, and he took it and read all the sentences aloud in a musical voice, without making a mistake.

“The angel was astonished at this unusual intelligence and clapped his hands, saying ‘Again!’ But this time Cheomsung remained stubbornly silent. ‘Thy soul is aflame with holy inspiration. Such a monk as thou art Silla’s boast,’ the angel exclaimed. ‘Stay where thou art and be happy, and may Buddha bless thee!’

“This story was told to the village elders near the temple by the hermit Kim In-bu, who had been a friend of the wonderful monk Cheomsung. It has been relayed from mouth to mouth throughout Silla to this day.”

Temple Layout

Just a little past the Neungji-tap Pagoda, and down a narrow dirt road, you’ll eventually come to Jungsaengsa Temple. Straight ahead is the compact Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall. The exterior walls to the main hall are lined with two sets of murals. The first, which is on top, are quickly fading and dedicated to the Shimu-do (Ox-Herding Murals). These bluish tinged murals are joined by scenic paintings in a yellow hue. As for inside the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall, and resting on the main altar, is a solitary image of Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). This central statue is then backed by two beautiful dragon murals. The entire interior of the main hall is lined with older Buddhist-motif murals dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). There is also a painting dedicated to a curmudgeonly-looking Bodhidharma, an agwi (hungry ghost), and other murals. There’s also an older looking Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) that hangs on the far left wall.

To the right of the main hall are a set of temple buildings that include the temple’s kitchen. It’s just past this building, and up a long set of stairs, that you’ll come to the newly built Samseong-gak Hall. There are a pair of fierce-looking tigers just outside the hall’s main doors. These paintings prepare you for some of the most beautiful shaman paintings dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), Chilseong (The Seven Stars), and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) in Korea. Of note, take a look at the colourful peacock feathered fan that Sanshin holds in his hand.

And just to the left of the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall, and past the monks’ dorms, is the Rock-Carved Seated Bodhisattva Triad in Nangsan Mountain. Up a little pathway, and under a newly built wooden pavilion, is the badly eroded and cracked rock carving from Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). There is a central Bodhisattva image with both a body and a head. And there are two attendants on either side of this central Bodhisattva. Both attendants are armored and keep a distance from the principal Bodhisattva who is clothed in a hempen hood and a robe similar to that of a monk. The attendant to the left has a sword in their right hand, while the attendant to the right holds a weapon in both of its hands. This tends to signify that these attendants are in fact guardian deities. However, outside the central image of the Bodhisattva, it’s hard to discern much else of this carving.

How To Get There

From the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to board Bus #604 that heads towards the Gyeongju National Museum. The bus ride lasts nine stops, and you’ll be let off at the Cheotbaeban stop – 첫배반. From this stop, you’ll need to walk ten minutes uphill towards Jungsaengsa Temple and the Neungji-tap Pagoda.

Overall Rating: 5/10

Jungsaengsa Temple is a historic temple that is undergoing all-new development. Of note is the beautiful interior of the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall and the stunning shaman murals housed inside the Samseong-gak Hall. Adding to this artistry is the ancient carvings of the Rock-Carved Seated Bodhisattva Triad in Nangsan Mountain. While hard to discern the finer points of this Silla-era Buddhist artwork, the overall expression can be felt.

The stone remains from the historic Jungsaengsa Temple. The Daejeokwang-jeon Hall. One of the Shimu-do (Ox-Herding Murals) that adorns the exterior of the main hall. The main altar inside the Daejeokwang-jeon Hall. The older Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) inside the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall. An agwi (hungry ghost) inside the main hall. The Rock-Carved Seated Bodhisattva Triad in Nangsan Mountain. A look at the rock-carving. And a closer look at the historic rock-carving. The newly built Samseong-gak Hall. One of the tiger images that adorns the exterior of the shaman shrine hall. A look at Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) inside the Samseong-gak Hall. As well as this masterful painting of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). Ilgwang-bosal (The Sunlight Bodhisattva) from the Chilseong (Seven Stars) mural inside the Samseong-gak Hall. As well as Wolgwang-bosal (The Moonlight Bodhisattva). —

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Hancell Experienced

Koreabridge - Wed, 2022-07-13 03:23
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Banyeo dongContact person by email

I am looking for work involving Hancell Spreadsheet (English language Component).

I don't speak Korean. (Married to Korean)

I have experience in Hancell spreadsheets,

e.g. Personal Budgets, Rental Property P&L,  CashFlow, Balance Sheet

Mortgage table (Fixed Rate ) Reducing Table,

Sharetrading Format that I made for myself.

Looking for outwork with large Korean Company.

Numerate, ex math teacher




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Lucky 2 Dollar Bills

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 17:23
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: GwanganContact person by email

I went home for winter vacation and went a little crazy with collecting 2 dollar bills. I was going to give them to students when they tried hard in class since Koreans think the bills are so lucky and different. I want to trade them for USD since the rate is so crazy right now. I can trade them for 100 dollar bills. They are brand new and still wrapped in the bank bands. PM me with any questions or comments.

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Studio for rent(one room) near PNU

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 15:09
Classified Ad Type: Location: Contact person by email

Studio(One-room) for rent near PNU

- 1 room / 1 kitchen / bathroom inside

- Deposit : 3 million Won

- Monthly rent : 210,000 Won (include Maintenance Fee)

- Furnished: Single bed, TV, wifi, air conditioner, fridge, washing machine ect)

- Location: 5 minutes PNU by walking, Convenience stores are located on the first floor, and commercial districts are developed so it's convenient to live.

- Move-in: Anytime

* Deposit & monthly rent can be negotiable.

* Short-term rent is also available.

* Contact (kakao: luvpkkim)


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Online English Lessons - Highly Trained and Experienced Teacher

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 11:15
Location: Business/Organization Type: 

--- Online English Lessons for Adults! ---
Fun, Effective, and Easy to Learn!
11 years experience, CELTA (Cambridge English Teaching Qualification).
Native English Speaking Tutor (Canadian/New Zealand)

Do you need to improve your English Grammar?

Are you wanting the skills and confidence to communicate effectively in English?

Do you need easy-to-understand lessons with English that is actually useful in the real-world?

Would you like to improve your pronunciation and modify your accent so you sound more natural in English?


My name is Aaron and I'm a Canadian/New Zealand Native English Speaker (NES) and full-time professional English teacher. (CELTA, BBus).

I have over 11 years of live classroom and online English teaching experience. I have taught in New Zealand, Asia, Canada, and now to Koreans online. I have helped thousands of students improve and become fluent in English!

If you want to improve your English, become more confident, become more FLUENT, and also have FUN while learning, you should definitely give me a call!

I am very flexible, easy to get along with, and promise I will always do my best to help you achieve your personal goals!

I am an expert in all areas of English. My specialties include:
- Grammar
- Speaking, Fluency, and conversation skills
- Vocabulary
- Pronunciation and accent reduction
- Exam preparation

Now, I am taking new students who are levels A1-C1 (Elementary - Upper intermediate).

I can provide all material and will design lessons according to your specific needs.

Please contact me for more information and prices. Individual lessons, and 5/10 lesson packs are available.

A FREE TRIAL/consultation and language assessment on ZOOM/Skype is available.

Thanks and I look forward to starting this journey to fluency with you!

Teacher Aaron

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Is there a good indian restaurant in Daegu?

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 07:17

Does anyone who has lived in Daegu for a while know af any great indian restaurants?
Any help would be great.

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Korean Concepts: Nunchi, Jeong, Chaemyeon, Inhwa, and Kibun

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 03:15

Have you heard of Korean Concepts?

Besides the teachings of Confucianism, the aftermath of the Korean War has also been a significant influence on modern-day South Korean culture and behavior. It raised a new sense of nationalism, awakened the need for persistence and adaptability, and expanded education’s importance in society.

These modern ideas then merged with the age-old traditions, creating significant Korean concepts held dearly today, offering types of guidelines for how to behave and think within society.

Why should you learn about Korean concepts?

As you understand these concepts, you can better recognize what certain behaviors are derived from, as well as appreciate why a Korean person may act the way they do in some situations. Once you know each of the different concepts, you can also better understand how they all go hand in hand with each other.

Different Korean Concepts

Below we’ll introduce you to some key concepts you should know before interacting with Koreans.

채면 (chaemyeon), Face

This is a key concept in Korean culture that is especially central to guiding a person’s behavior as well as way of thinking. This is actually quite rooted in many Asian cultures, not just in Korea alone. It’s particularly important in Korea to specify what level a person’s reputation, honor, and dignity fall on.

It’s especially the hardships and adversities of the 20th century, during and in the aftermath of the Japanese occupation and the Korean War, where people had to find ways to hold in their frustration and rage, that signified the importance of this concept.

채면 (chaemyeon) in Modern Korea

In Korea’s society today, there is less importance held on acting completely stoic and masking all of one’s true feelings. Thus, 채면 (chaemyeon) may no longer be present in the ways it once was.

However, even today, it is still a driving factor in Koreans shaping up a particular appearance – emotional, physical, mental, social, and so on – they want to present themselves to others, regardless of how well it reflects their true emotions and situations at that moment.

For example, if someone feels ashamed of their financial, work, or social status, they may use 채면 (chaemyeon) as means to keep that hidden from others. It may also show up through material, such as buying the flashiest phone or the fanciest car – just like people may do in other cultures, too.

Means are taken to ensure one’s self-worth remains intact, and others will have a positive perception of them so as not to lose face or in order to save or build it.

기분 (gibun), Feeling; Dignity

Officially, gibun – also referred to as kibun – translates as feeling, emotion, mood, and state of mind. However, in the context of cultural concepts, its meaning expands to cover also face, dignity, and pride. Maintaining a positive 기분 (gibun) among people is regarded as highly significant in the country’s culture, as it helps establish good relationships.

This is why it may be frowned upon to offer negative feedback or criticism or to, in general, express emotions of the negative kind. Many Koreans may go painstakingly far in their efforts to maintain 기분 (gibun) and thus not disrupt harmony, aka 인화 (inhwa), which is further explained below.

인화 (inhwa), Harmony

인화 (inhwa) is another key concept in the Korean culture focused on harmony and is closely tied with the other concepts for appropriate behavior. This is especially present in the business world in Korea. Of all the key concepts on this list, it’s perhaps the one that derives most directly from Confucianism.

To maintain 인화 (inhwa), Korean people often find themselves trying to avoid giving anything but positive answers and dread having to refuse something. By practicing 인화 (inhwa), they also maintain and build 채면 (chaemyeon). 인화 (inhwa) is most strongly present in hierarchical situations in a business, as in interactions between bosses and subordinates.

정 (jeong), Attachment

This is another key concept that may be quite unique to Korean culture. At its simplest, it just means the attachment and warm and cozy feelings two people close to one another may share with each other, be it romantic or platonic, or familial.

Of course, attachment in and of itself is in no way unique to Korea. However, it makes more sense when you realize how deeply rooted this is in Korea’s drive for collectiveness.

It may be a little difficult to explain 정 (jeong); you’d have to experience it for yourself. But often, it presents itself as a desire to do something for someone and then do so. It may be a grandmother smothering her grandchildren with food and treats, or it may be a friend crafting an incredible gift, or it may be something entirely else.

It can also happen simply in the form of taking care of someone, such as ensuring they are dressed warmly enough or have had enough water that day. You catch the drift. It’s simple hospitality in essence, but people in Korea seem to take this hospitality to another level in comparison to other cultures, even its neighboring ones.

눈치 (nunchi), “Art of understanding”

Finally, the hardest concept of the country’s culture to translate is 눈치 (nunchi). It can be explained as a subtle art of situational awareness, the art of understanding and being sensitive, and the ability to listen to the other party deeply.

It’s something that is present in just about any social setting one walks into, and even small kids are familiar with this. Having a high level of 눈치 (nunchi) is not only a great asset for any given social situation, but it can help you become more successful in handling all the other key concepts as well.

Mind you, Koreans themselves don’t grade someone as having good nunchi, and it’s referred to as having quick nunchi instead. Someone who reads the room is quick to sus out the dynamics in the circumstances and adapts their behavior accordingly is someone in possession of quick nunchi.

Just like you’ve noticed from other concepts, collectiveness and harmoniously blending in are matters of importance in Korean society, and being skilled at quick nunchi is one way with which one can successfully find their place in society.

And that’s it for Korean concepts! We hope this article has helped you understand the culture in Korea even more. Let us know in the comments if you also have these concepts in your country!

The post Korean Concepts: Nunchi, Jeong, Chaemyeon, Inhwa, and Kibun appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


Please share, help Korean spread! 



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Licensed Teacher Seeking Full Time Position

Koreabridge - Tue, 2022-07-12 01:15
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Anywhere In BusanContact person by email

Good day. My name is Patrick Guilfoyle. Are you looking for a professional, dedicated and compassionate teacher? If so, I am available for work immediately.

I have an F5 visa, Education Degree (Secondary), Teacher's license and TESOL certificate.

I have taught all ages including Grade 1 through grade 12. I have also taught university students, businessmen, engineers, health care professionals. I also have 5 years of online teaching experience.

Here is a highlight of my experience:

  1. Teacher training.
  3. AP European History
  4. AP Politics
  5. Presentation English
  6. Have given over 400 English speeches in Korea since 2012.
  7. ADA Judge's certificate
  8. Conducted several Youth Leadership Training Workshops
  9. Co-wrote a high school English textbook in 2010
  10. Created EFL curriculum for elementary, middle, high school, and university students
  11. Summer and winter English camps
  12. Extensive Proofreading and editing experience

If you are looking for a teacher who "really knows how to teach" and "inspire" students, don't hesitaate to contact me. 

I will quickly send you my application material if you contact me.

Thank you for your time.

KakaoTalk_20211205_064935941 (1).jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Important Hanja: 자 (子) (한자) | Korean FAQ

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-11 12:24

This week's episode is all about the Hanja 子 meaning "child" or "offspring." But this character also shows up in many unexpected places, such as at the end of nouns that have nothing to do with a child, as well as at the end of many older-sounding Korean names. Find out how to use this character in various ways with today's latest Korean FAQ episode~!

The post Important Hanja: 자 (子) (한자) | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Important Hanja: 자 (子) (한자) | Korean FAQ

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-11 12:00




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

need sub on July 14th

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-11 11:53
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: jangsanContact person by email

hi - going out of town this Thursday and will need a sub! 

timetable: 2:30 to 6:30 - 4 classes total and 45min each class
3 of the classes i teach science so we just build stuff together 
each class will be 21,000won 

location: jangsan station

send me your resume to [email protected]
with your mobile number and i will get back to you!

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

BGN Eye Hospital Cool summer event

Koreabridge - Mon, 2022-07-11 08:05
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: BusanContact person by email

Cool Summer Event from BGN Eye Hospital is waiting for you!

Save 200,000 KRW of any type of Laser Vision Correction! ( Except PRIME LASEK)

Furthermore, get a FREE ticket for Busan X the Sky observation deck when proceeding with the same day surgery!

Worried about staying in Busan? No worries, as we will help you with our partner hotel booking nearby hospital!

No more doubts, prepare for your hot summer vacation with BGN Eye Hospital today!

Don`t forget that BGN Eye Hospital provides FREE examination and consultation to recommend the best customized surgery option for each patient!

Book your free LASIK consultation:

Phone: 010-7670-3995

kakao: eye1004bgnbusan

Email: [email protected]

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed


Subscribe to aggregator - Worldbridges Megafeed